W205605

Sigma-Aldrich

Amyl alcohol

≥99%, FG

Synonym(s):
n-Amyl alcohol, 1-Pentanol, Pentyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)4OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
88.15
FEMA Number:
2056
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1730975
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
514
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
2.040
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG

Agency/Method

meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 872/2012
FDA 21 CFR 172.515
FDA 21 CFR 176.180
FDA 21 CFR 176.210

vapor density

3 (vs air)
3.04 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 13.6 °C)
1.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

572 °F

expl. lim.

10 %, 100 °F

refractive index

n20/D 1.409 (lit.)

bp

136-138 °C (lit.)

mp

−78 °C (lit.)

density

0.811 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

chemical; pungent; wine-like

food allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CCCCCO

InChI

1S/C5H12O/c1-2-3-4-5-6/h6H,2-5H2,1H3

InChI key

AMQJEAYHLZJPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Amyl alcohol has been identified as one of the main volatile components in Macedonian wines and barley cultivars. It is used as a flavor ingredient in chewing gum, candies and baked goods.

Packaging

4, 8 kg in steel drum
20 kg in composite drum
1 kg in poly bottle

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

116.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

47 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Volatile composition of Macedonian and Hungarian wines assessed by GC/MS
Ivanova V, et al.
Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6(6), 1609-1617 (2013)
Analysis of volatile compounds from various types of barley cultivars.
Cramer ACJ, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(19), 7526-7531 (2005)
Anthony F Cann et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 85(4), 893-899 (2009-10-28)
Pentanol isomers such as 2-methyl-1-butanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol are a useful class of chemicals with a potential application as biofuels. They are found as natural by-products of microbial fermentations from amino acid substrates. However, the production titer and yield of the...
Anna L Barnette et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 26(21), 16299-16304 (2010-08-26)
The origin and role of tribochemical reaction products formed while sliding silicon oxide surfaces in the presence of adsorbed alcohol molecules in equilibrium with the vapor phase were studied. Wear and friction coefficient studies with varying contact loads and n-pentanol...
Sebastian Höfener et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 10(23), 3390-3399 (2008-06-07)
In the recent years, Slater-type geminals (STGs) have been used with great success to expand the first-order wave function in an explicitly-correlated perturbation theory. The present work reports on this theory's implementation in the framework of the Turbomole suite of...

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