W262701

Sigma-Aldrich

Levulinic acid

natural, 99%, FG

Synonym(s):
4-Oxopentanoic acid, 4-Oxovaleric acid
Linear Formula:
CH3COCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
116.12
FEMA Number:
2627
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506796
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
23
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.023
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 102 °C)

assay

99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.442

bp

245-246 °C (lit.)

mp

30-33 °C (lit.)

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

caramel; creamy; acidic; sweet; vanilla

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H8O3/c1-4(6)2-3-5(7)8/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,7,8)

InChI key

JOOXCMJARBKPKM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Levulinic acid, an organic acid, is mainly used as a cigarette additive.

Packaging

100 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle
10 kg in poly drum

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Suheyla Kocaman
International journal of phytoremediation, 22(8), 885-895 (2020-03-11)
This study has developed an innovative and environmentally friendly approach for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye by natural shells (NShs) chemically modified with levulinic acid (LA). Almond shell (ASh), walnut shell (WSh), and apricot kernel shell (AKSh) were...
Sarah Tschirner et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 23(8) (2018-07-28)
A mixture of hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) and water was used as a new and unknown monophasic reaction solvent for fructose dehydration in order to produce HMF. HFIP is a low-boiling fluorous alcohol (b.p. 58 °C). Hence, HFIP can be recovered cost...
Huifang Ren et al.
Bioresource technology, 129, 616-619 (2013-01-23)
A highly selective approach to produce levulinic acid from cellulose was developed via microwave-assisted synthesis in SO3H-functionalized ionic liquids (SFILs). The effects of reaction conditions and ionic liquid structures on the yield of levulinic acid have been investigated, where the...
Ronen Weingarten et al.
ChemSusChem, 5(7), 1280-1290 (2012-06-15)
We have developed a kinetic model for aqueous-phase production of levulinic acid from glucose using a homogeneous acid catalyst. The proposed model shows a good fit with experimental data collected in this study in a batch reactor. The model was...
Stijn Van de Vyver et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 48(29), 3497-3499 (2012-03-02)
Acid-catalyzed condensation of levulinic acid and phenol into high yields of diphenolic acid (>50%) is possible with a combination of sulfonated hyperbranched polymers and thiol promotors, either added as a physical mixture or bound to the polymer by ion-pairing.

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