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W381306

Sigma-Aldrich

Taurine

≥98%, FG

Synonym(s):
2-Aminoethanesulfonic acid
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2CH2SO3H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
125.15
FEMA Number:
3813
Beilstein:
1751215
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
16.056

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FDA 21 CFR 117

assay

≥98%

mp

>300 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Organoleptic

odorless

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

food allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

NCCS(O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/C2H7NO3S/c3-1-2-7(4,5)6/h1-3H2,(H,4,5,6)

InChI key

XOAAWQZATWQOTB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid mainly found in animal tissues. In mammals, it is reported to play an important role in the normal development of fetuses and neonates. Taurine is also one of the key ingredients in energy drinks.

Packaging

5, 10 kg in fiber drum
1 kg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Non-selective endogenous agonist at glycine receptors. Conditionally essential sulfonated amino acid which modulates apoptosis in some cells; functions in many metabolic activities; a product of methionine and cysteine metabolism.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Taurine supplementation to a low protein diet during foetal and early postnatal life restores a normal proliferation and apoptosis of rat pancreatic islets.
Boujendar S, et al.
Diabetologia, 45(6), 856-866 (2002)
Safety issues associated with commercially available energy drinks.
Clauson KA, et al.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 48(3), e55-e67 (2008)
Marlene Wewalka et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 99(4), 1442-1451 (2014-01-18)
Bile acids (BAs) are newly recognized signaling molecules in glucose and energy homeostasis. Differences in BA profiles with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) remain incompletely understood. The objective of the study was to assess serum BA composition in impaired glucose-tolerant
Tsutomu Suzuki et al.
Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. RNA, 2(3), 376-386 (2011-10-01)
Mitochondrial DNA mutations that cause mitochondrial dysfunction are responsible for a wide spectrum of human diseases, referred to as mitochondrial diseases. Pathogenic point mutations are found frequently in genes encoding mitochondrial (mt) tRNAs, indicating that impaired functioning of mutant mt
Felizia K Voss et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 634-638 (2014-05-03)
Regulation of cell volume is critical for many cellular and organismal functions, yet the molecular identity of a key player, the volume-regulated anion channel VRAC, has remained unknown. A genome-wide small interfering RNA screen in mammalian cells identified LRRC8A as

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