All Photos(1)

03835

Supelco

γ-Aminobutyric acid

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
3-Carboxypropylamine, GABA, Piperidinic acid, 4-Aminobutanoic acid, Piperidic acid
Linear Formula:
NH2(CH2)3COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
103.12
Beilstein:
906818
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

assay

≥97.0% (HPLC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

analyte chemical class(es)

amino acids, peptides, proteins

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤1.0% water

mp

195 °C (dec.) (lit.)

application(s)

cleaning products
cosmetics
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

SMILES string

NCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H9NO2/c5-3-1-2-4(6)7/h1-3,5H2,(H,6,7)

InChI key

BTCSSZJGUNDROE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

γ-Aminobutyric acid is a chief inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is found in the cerebellum, hypothalamus, thalamus and hippocampus. It is formed via the decarboxylation of L-glutamate catalyzed by the enzyme, glutamic acid decarboxylase(GAD).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Major inhibitory neurotransmitter in brain; GABAA and GABAB receptor agonist; increases Cl conductance.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Medicinal Chemistry: A Molecular and Biochemical Approach (2005)
Wen-Zhao Cui et al.
Biology, 10(9) (2021-09-29)
Diapause is a developmental transition in insects based on seasonal adaptation to adversity; it is regulated by a circadian clock system and the endocrine system. However, the molecular node and its mechanism underlying the effects of these systems are still
Antonela G Garzón et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 55(8), 3188-3198 (2018-08-02)
Two cultivars of sorghum were germinated at 25 or 30 °C for 1, 2, or 3 days to investigate the evolution of γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), total free phenolic compounds (FPC), hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, free amino acid (FAA) profile, and antioxidant activity during
Jaisan Islam et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(16) (2021-08-28)
The nucleus accumbens core (NAcc) is an important component of brain reward circuitry, but studies have revealed its involvement in pain circuitry also. However, its effect on trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and the mechanism underlying it are yet to be fully
Jesse Jackson et al.
Nature neuroscience, 17(10), 1362-1370 (2014-09-01)
Activity flow through the hippocampus is thought to arise exclusively from unidirectional excitatory synaptic signaling from CA3 to CA1 to the subiculum. Theta rhythms are important for hippocampal synchronization during episodic memory processing; thus, it is assumed that theta rhythms

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