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04577

Sigma-Aldrich

Trizma® base

tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
Trometamolum, 2-Amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol, THAM, Tris base, Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, Trometamol
Linear Formula:
NH2C(CH2OH)3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
121.14
Beilstein:
741883
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

description

aminopeptidase substrate

form

crystalline

color

colorless to white

pH

10.5-12

useful pH range

7-9

pKa (25 °C)

8.1

bp

219-220 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

mp

167-172 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 678 g/L at 20 °C

SMILES string

NC(CO)(CO)CO

InChI

1S/C4H11NO3/c5-4(1-6,2-7)3-8/h6-8H,1-3,5H2

InChI key

LENZDBCJOHFCAS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Trizma®base has been used for slab electrophoresis. It has also been used for preparing transfer buffer as well as Tris-buffered saline for western blotting.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Trizma ®base, commonly known as tris is widely used as a biological buffer or as a component of buffer formulations like- Tris-EDTA (TE) buffer, Tris magnesium buffer or Tris-acetate-EDTA (TAE) buffer. It enhances the membrane permeability of cell membranes.

Other Notes

The pH values of all buffers are temperature- and concentration-dependent. For Tris buffers, pH increases about 0.03 unit per °C decrease in temperature, and decreases 0.03-0.05 unit per ten-fold dilution.
For precise applications, use a carefully calibrated pH meter with a glass/calomel combination electrode.

Legal Information

Trizma is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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