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Potassium nitrite

meets analytical specification of FCC, 97-100.5%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level




meets analytical specification of FCC


≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb)


350 °C (dec.) (lit.)


water: soluble 0.35 part
alcohol: slightly soluble

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤100 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤200 mg/kg

cation traces

As: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤10 mg/kg
Pb: ≤4 mg/kg

SMILES string




InChI key


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Potassium nitrite has been used for determining the bacteriostatic and fungistatic activity of acidified nitrite. It has also been used as a supplement in buffer for investigating the impact of nitrite on nosocomial pathogens including C. difficile spores. Adulterants such as “Klear” and “Whizzies” contain potassium nitrite which masks tests for abused drugs in urine. Hence potassium nitrite is used along with Klear and Urine Luck for preparing adulterated urine for drug-of-abuse testing.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Potassium nitrite is a strong oxidizing agent that enhances seeds to germinate without a pre-incubation period and without ethylene.

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Ox. Sol. 2

Storage Class Code

5.1B - Oxidizing hazardous materials



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Agam Rao et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 50(11), 3901-3904 (2006-10-27)
Exposure to pH 1 or 2 buffers or acidic gastric contents resulted in the killing of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida glabrata but not Clostridium difficile spores. Nitrite enhanced killing under acidic conditions, but significant killing...
Ethylene, Nitrate and Nitrite Interactions in the Promotion of Dark Germination of Common Purslane Seeds.
<BIG>G. H. Egley</BIG>
Annals of Botany, 53, 833-840 (1984)
R Weller et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 90(4), 648-652 (2001-04-20)
Nitric oxide is generated from sweat nitrite in the acidic environment of the skin surface and is thought to contribute to protection against infection. This study examined the sensitivity of Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T. rubrum, Candida albicans, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus...
H P Til et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 35(3-4), 349-355 (1997-03-01)
In a previous subchronic oral toxicity study with potassium nitrite, hypertrophy of the adrenal zona glomerulosa was observed for all nitrite levels examined including the lowest level of 100 mg/litre. This present study was carried out, therefore, to establish a...
Dorea I Reeser et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 113(30), 8591-8595 (2009-09-02)
Glancing angle laser-induced fluorescence was used to follow the kinetics of chlorophyll loss at the air-salt water interface under the influence of visible radiation. Aqueous solutions of NaCl, NaBr, NaI, KNO(3), and NaNO(2) in a range of concentrations up to...

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