MilliporeSigma
All Photos(1)

130206

Sigma-Aldrich

Nitroethane

reagent grade, ≥98.0%

Linear Formula:
CH3CH2NO2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
75.07
Beilstein:
1209324
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

grade

reagent grade

Quality Level

vapor density

2.58 (vs air)

vapor pressure

15.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥98.0%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

778 °F

expl. lim.

3.4 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.391 (lit.)

bp

114-115 °C (lit.)

mp

−90 °C (lit.)

solubility

acetone: soluble(lit.)
alcohol: soluble(lit.)
water: slightly soluble(lit.)

density

1.045 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c1-2-3(4)5/h2H2,1H3

InChI key

MCSAJNNLRCFZED-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

Nitroethane reacts with sodium to afford sodium-nitroethane. Solution of nitroethane in caustic potash reacts with bromine to afford monobromnitroethane. It can undergo nitroaldol (Henry) condensation reaction with various aldehydes in the presence of copper(II) arylhydrazone complexes (catalyst).
pK of nitroethane is 8.60.4
Nitroethane is an aprotic solvent with high polarity, which on oxidation with glucose oxidase gives nitrite, acetaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide as the major products.

Application

Nitroethane may be used in the synthesis of the following compounds:
  • β-nitro amine derivatives
  • β-aryl nitroethylenes
  • 2-alkylthio-3-alkylamino-1-aryl(hetaryl)-4-nitropentene

Packaging

1, 3 kg in glass bottle

Other Notes

major impurity is 2-nitropropane

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 1B - Flam. Liq. 3 - Muta. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

87.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

31 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service