17772

Sigma-Aldrich

Retinol

≥95.0% (HPLC), ~2700 U/mg

Synonym(s):
Axerophthol, Vitamin A alcohol, Vitamin A1, Vitamin A, all-trans-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H30O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
286.45
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
403040
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
34058018
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥95.0% (HPLC)

form

powder or crystals

specific activity

~2700 U/mg

color

yellow to dark yellow

mp

61-63 °C (lit.)

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC1(C)C(/C=C/C(C)=C/C=C/C(C)=C/CO)=C(C)CCC1

InChI

1S/C20H30O/c1-16(8-6-9-17(2)13-15-21)11-12-19-18(3)10-7-14-20(19,4)5/h6,8-9,11-13,21H,7,10,14-15H2,1-5H3/b9-6+,12-11+,16-8+,17-13+

InChI key

FPIPGXGPPPQFEQ-OVSJKPMPSA-N

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General description

Retinal, retinol and retinoic acid are the aldehyde, alcohol and acid forms of vitamin A. The retinoids exist as many geometric isomers due to the unsaturated bonds in the aliphatic chain. Retinol is biologically active in a wide range of processes.
Retinol or all-trans-retinol is a 20-carbon molecule with cyclohexenyl ring, a side chain with four double bonds (all in trans configuration) and an alcohol end group.

Application

Retinol has been used as a standard in ultra-performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometer (UPLC-MS/MS) for the vitamins detection and quantification.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Retinol and its derivatives exhibit anti-aging properties. Retinol is used for treating wrinkles and signs of aging. However, due to its photo instability and skin irritation potency, it is hardly used in cosmetic formulations. Retinol is also used as a therapeutic for dermatoses. Its deficiency leads to xerosis and follicular hyperkeratosis.

Unit Definition

1 U corresponds to 1 international U acc. to Ph Eur II, 217 (1983)

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Effects of dietary lead exposure on vitamin levels in great tit nestlings-An experimental manipulation
Ruiz S, et al.
Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 213(2), 688-697 (2016)
S P Spencer et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6169), 432-437 (2014-01-25)
How the immune system adapts to malnutrition to sustain immunity at barrier surfaces, such as the intestine, remains unclear. Vitamin A deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies and is associated with profound defects in adaptive immunity. Here...
Jacqueline A Jumpsen et al.
Journal of cystic fibrosis : official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society, 5(2), 77-84 (2006-03-02)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on blood and intestinal DHA levels and lung function in mild/moderately affected adult CF patients with the DeltaF508 genotype. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients often present...
K R Norum et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 56(4), 735-744 (1992-10-01)
We discuss vitamin A with emphasis on its absorption, transport, cellular uptake, storage, and intracellular metabolism. Dietary retinyl esters are hydrolyzed to retinol in the intestinal lumen before absorption by enterocytes. Carotenoids are absorbed and then partially converted to retinol...
Retinoids in the treatment of skin aging: an overview of clinical efficacy and safety
Mukherjee S, et al.
Clinical Interventions in Aging, 1(4), 327-327 (2006)

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