361593

Sigma-Aldrich

Artemisinin

98%

Synonym(s):
Qinghaosu, Arteannuin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C15H22O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
282.33
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

98%

optical activity

α20/D +76°, c = 0.5 in methanol

mp

156-157 °C (lit.)

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits

antibiotic activity spectrum

parasites
viruses

SMILES string

CC@@H1CCC@H2C@@H(C)C(=O)OC@@H3OC4(C)CCC@@H1C@@23OO4

InChI

1S/C15H22O5/c1-8-4-5-11-9(2)12(16)17-13-15(11)10(8)6-7-14(3,18-13)19-20-15/h8-11,13H,4-7H2,1-3H3/t8-,9-,10+,11+,13-,14-,15-/m1/s1

InChI key

BLUAFEHZUWYNDE-NNWCWBAJSA-N

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General description

Artemisinin is extracted from sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua). It has anticancer, antiprotozoal and antiviral activities. Artemisinin is associated with brainstem encephalopathy.

Application

Artemisinin has been used:
  • in drug susceptibility assays
  • as a standard for its quantification from artemisinin from hairy roots
  • to check cell viability using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay
  • as an antimalarial agent to investigate the role of autophagy-related (ATG) genes throughout the P. falciparum asexual and sexual blood stages

Packaging

100 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Artemisinin (Qinghaosu), a sesquiterpene lactone, is a highly active anti-malarial (falciparum malaria) drug. Artemisinin is also an anthelmintic (parasitic worm) effective against the blood fluke, schistosomiasis.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. 361593.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. In what solvents is Product 361593, Artemisinin, soluble?

    According to the chemicals encyclopedia published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, artemisinin is expected to be soluble in most aprotic solvents and slightly soluble in oil. Sigma-Aldrich tests the solubility of this product in chloroform at 25 mg/mL. Our quality control is also able to prepare a 0.5% solution in methanol in order to measure the optical rotation.

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

  7. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

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The multifunctional autophagy pathway in the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum
Cervantes S, et al.
Autophagy, 10(1), 80-92 (2014)
C J Paddon et al.
Nature, 496(7446), 528-532 (2013-04-12)
In 2010 there were more than 200 million cases of malaria, and at least 655,000 deaths. The World Health Organization has recommended artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Artemisinin is a...
Antiprotozoal agents
Croft SL and Seifert K
Antibiotics and Chemotherapy, 29(10), 406-426 (2011)
Artemisinins: their growing importance in medicine
Krishna S, et al.
Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 29(10), 520-527 (2008)
Frédéric Ariey et al.
Nature, 505(7481), 50-55 (2013-12-20)
Plasmodium falciparum resistance to artemisinin derivatives in southeast Asia threatens malaria control and elimination activities worldwide. To monitor the spread of artemisinin resistance, a molecular marker is urgently needed. Here, using whole-genome sequencing of an artemisinin-resistant parasite line from Africa...

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