A1439

Sigma-Aldrich

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38

Synonym(s):
PACAP-38
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C203H331N63O53S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
4534.26
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.32
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

composition

Peptide content, ~70%

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... ADCYAP1(116)

Amino Acid Sequence

His-Ser-Asp-Gly-Ile-Phe-Thr-Asp-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Arg-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Gln-Met-Ala-Val-Lys-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Ala-Ala-Val-Leu-Gly-Lys-Arg-Tyr-Lys-Gln-Arg-Val-Lys-Asn-Lys-NH2

General description

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP38) is mapped to human chromosome 18. 27-residue-amidated fragment (PACAP27) comprises another isoform. The PACAP38 is major isoform associated with mammals.

Application

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 has been used to test its effect in stimulating the formation of cyclic AMP hypothalamus and cerebral cortex slices of chicken and to treat glioblastoma cells (U87MG) in cell migration assay to test its anti-invasive effects.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP38) is a cardioprotectant and may help in treating radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD). It plays a protective role during oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes. PACAP38 has antioxidant, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory property. It is implicated in the pathophysiology of migraine and cluster headache.
PACAP-38 is a neuropeptide that has substantial sequence homology to vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). It is reported to serve as a neuronal survival factor.

Other Notes

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

T Dickinson et al.
Neuropharmacology, 38(1), 167-180 (1999-04-08)
Peripheral nerve damage often results in the development of chronic pain states, resistant to classical analgesics. Since vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) are up-regulated in dorsal root ganglion cells following peripheral nerve injury, we investigated...
J Kinhult et al.
The European respiratory journal, 15(2), 243-247 (2000-03-08)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) 38 displays several biological activities relevant to obstructive airway disease. In this study, the occurrence of PACAP 38 in human small bronchi and corresponding pulmonary arteries was analysed immunocytochemically. The dilatory effects of this peptide...
Grazia Maugeri et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 7, 139-139 (2016-06-16)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) through the binding of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors (VIPRs), perform a wide variety of effects in human cancers, including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). This tumor is characterized by extensive areas of...
K Tornøe et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 279(6), E1413-E1425 (2000-11-30)
The concentration of pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide [PACAP-(1-38)] in porcine adrenal glands amounted to 14 +/- 3 pmol/g tissue. PACAP immunoreactive (PACAP-IR) fibers innervated adrenal chromaffin cells (often co-localized with choline acetyltransferase). Subcapsular fibers traversed the cortex-innervating endocrine cells and...
Huan Li et al.
American journal of translational research, 11(10), 6585-6599 (2019-11-19)
Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) is a common sequelae of thoracic irradiation. Currently, there is no effective prevention and treatment strategy. Oxidative stress is associated with the development of RIHD. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP38) has been defined as the...

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