A5762

Sigma-Aldrich

Adenine 9-β-D-arabinofuranoside

≥99%

Synonym(s):
9-β-D-Arabinofuranosyladenine, Vidarabine, Ara-A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H13N5O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
267.24
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
624881
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

≥99%

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes
enzyme | inhibits

antibiotic activity spectrum

viruses

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

Nc1ncnc2n(cnc12)[C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]3O

InChI

1S/C10H13N5O4/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(18)6(17)4(1-16)19-10/h2-4,6-7,10,16-18H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)/t4-,6-,7+,10-/m1/s1

InChI key

OIRDTQYFTABQOQ-UHTZMRCNSA-N

Gene Information

mouse ... Ahcy(269378)

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General description

Adenine 9-β-D-arabinofuranoside (AraA) is a nucleoside analog. It is an antiviral drug and targets viral DNA polymerases and is majorly used for treating herpes simplex viral infection. It is a potent inhibitor of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). It also inhibits cardiac type 5 adenylyl cyclase but does not improve pathology in cardiovascular diseases.

Application

Adenine 9-β-D-arabinofuranoside has been used for the inhibition of 5′ AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in liver, muscle and cardiac cells H9c2.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell-permeable adenylate cyclase inhibitor; in detergent-dispersed rat brain preparation, IC50 = 30 μM. Clinically significant antiviral agent, especially against herpes simplex (HSV), by inhibition of DNA polymerase.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
AMPK regulation of mouse oocyte meiotic resumption in vitro
Chen J, et al.
Developmental Biology, 291(2), 227-238 (2006)
GYY4137, a novel hydrogen sulfide-releasing molecule, likely protects against high glucose-induced cytotoxicity by activation of the AMPK/mTOR signal pathway in H9c2 cells
Wei W, et al.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 389(1-2), 249-256 (2014)
The direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle thermogenesis is mediated by substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation
Solinas G, et al.
Febs Letters, 577(3), 539-544 (2004)
Yoshinobu Kanda et al.
American journal of hematology, 88(4), 294-300 (2013-03-02)
We evaluated the efficacy of in vivo T-cell depletion with alemtuzumab in two prospective studies according to the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH)-Good Clinical Practice (ICH-GCP) guidelines; one was for patients with aplastic anemia (AA study) and the other was...
Antiviral drug vidarabine possessing cardiac type 5 adenylyl cyclase inhibitory property did not affect cardiohemodynamic or electrophysiological variables in the halothane-anesthetized dogs
Wada T, et al.
The Journal of Toxicological Sciences, 41(1), 115-122 (2016)

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