A8054

Sigma-Aldrich

D(−)-2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid

NMDA receptor antagonist

Synonym(s):
D-2-Amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid, D(−)-APV, D(−)-AP-5
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H12NO5P
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
197.13
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (TLC)

form

powder

optical purity

optical purity: ≥90% (HPLC, Marfey′s reagent)

application(s)

ligand binding assay: suitable

color

white

mp

245-246 °C

SMILES string

N[C@H](CCCP(O)(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H12NO5P/c6-4(5(7)8)2-1-3-12(9,10)11/h4H,1-3,6H2,(H,7,8)(H2,9,10,11)/t4-/m1/s1

InChI key

VOROEQBFPPIACJ-SCSAIBSYSA-N

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Related Categories

Application

D(-)-2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid has been used to pretreat BNST (bed nucleus of the stria terminalis) in order to block the induction of anxiety by ORX-A (orexin-A) into the BNST.

Packaging

1, 5, 10 mg in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

NMDA antagonists have muscle relaxation property and are known to offer neuron protection against brain damage induced by ischemia. 2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid has been proved to block the iontophoresis induced depolarization of NMDA.
Anticonvulsant; potent and selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist; active enantiomer of 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid.

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Synaptic Plasticity and Learning: Selective Impairment of Learning in
Rats and Blockade of Long-Term Potentiation in viva by the
IV-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Antagonist AP5
R. G. M. Morris
The Journal of Neuroscience, 9(9), 3040-3057 (1989)
Orexin-A Induces Anxiety-like Behavior through Interactions with Glutamatergic Receptors in the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis of Rats
Elizabeth A Lungwitz
Physiology & Behavior, 107(5), 726-732 (2012)
Excitatory amino acid transmitters.
J C Watkins et al.
Annual review of pharmacology and toxicology, 21, 165-204 (1981-01-01)
Jennifer N Gelinas et al.
Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), 15(5), 281-289 (2008-04-29)
Activation of beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) enhances hippocampal memory consolidation and long-term potentiation (LTP), a likely mechanism for memory storage. One signaling pathway linked to beta-AR activation is the cAMP-PKA pathway. PKA is critical for the consolidation of hippocampal long-term memory...
Rachel E Field et al.
Neuron, 106(5), 842-854 (2020-03-28)
Excitation in neural circuits must be carefully controlled by inhibition to regulate information processing and network excitability. During development, cortical inhibitory and excitatory inputs are initially mismatched but become co-tuned or balanced with experience. However, little is known about how...

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