suitable for cell culture, BioReagent

Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

product line



≥99% (TLC)




cell culture | mammalian: suitable


white to off-white


106-108 °C (lit.)


H2O: 100 mg/mL (with heating)

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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N-Acetyl-L-cysteine has been used as a component of intestinal basal medium for the culture of mouse intestinal stem cells and also as a component of expansion medium.


5, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Antioxidant and mucolytic agent. Increases cellular pools of free radical scavengers. Reported to prevent apoptosis in neuronal cells but induce apoptosis in smooth muscle cells. Inhibits HIV replication. May serve as a substrate for microsomal glutathione transferase.


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Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. My media turned yellow when I added N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), Product A9165.  Why?

    The pH of a 1% solution is 2.0-2.8.  You may need to adjust the pH of the media with NaOH.  Or, prior to addition to the media, you can initially dilute the NAC with PBS, and then add it to the culture media.

  4. How stable is a solution of Product A9165, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)?

    Aqueous solutions of cysteine oxidize to cystine on contact with air at neutral or alkaline pH. We recommend making aqueous solutions fresh.  NAC is relatively stable in acid.  Solutions in acid are stable and can be stored at -20 °C.

  5. What concentration of Product A9165, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), should I use for cell culture?

    Cell culture testing is performed at 0.82 g/L.  The exact concentration will depend upon your application.

  6. What is the half life of Product A9165, N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), in cell culture?

    We have not tested the half-life of NAC solutions in our labs here at Sigma. However, this subject has been reviewed in Neuropsychopharmacology, 29, 2018-2023 (2004).

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Isolation, Culture, and Maintenance of Mouse Intestinal Stem Cells
Kevin P. O?Rourke
Bio-protocol, 6(4), e1733-e1733 (2016)
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Meritxell Huch et al.
Nature, 494(7436), 247-250 (2013-01-29)
The Wnt target gene Lgr5 (leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5) marks actively dividing stem cells in Wnt-driven, self-renewing tissues such as small intestine and colon, stomach and hair follicles. A three-dimensional culture system allows long-term clonal expansion of single Lgr5(+) stem...
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