All Photos(1)

C0150

Sigma-Aldrich

Cathepsin B from human placenta

lyophilized powder, ≥5 units/mg protein

Synonym(s):
Cathepsin B1
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥5 units/mg protein

mol wt

24.5 kDa

composition

Protein, ~50% Lowry

solubility

H2O: soluble 1.0 mg/mL, clear

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... CTSB(1508)

General description

Cathepsin B is encoded by the gene CTSB and is located in the human chromosome at 8p23.1. Cathepsin B is a lysosomal proteolytic enzyme of cysteine protease family. It is present in all mammalian cells. It is essential for the intracellular protein turnover.

Application

Cathepsin B is a lysosomal cysteine proteinase which hydrolyzes proteins with a broad specificity for peptide bonds. Cathepsin B may be a useful tool in Alzheimer′s research, as it may have a role in the natural defense against the disease . Cathepsin B may be used to cleave procaspase 1 and procaspase 11, and to induce apoptosis in digitonin-permeabilized cells.
Cathepsin B from human placenta has been used in the in vitro digestion of modified myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). It has also been used in determining the effect of cysteine protease inhibitors.

Packaging

2, 10 units in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cathepsin B preferentially cleaves at the caboxyl side of Arg-Arg bonds in small molecule substrates. Cathepsin B has been shown to degrade β-amyloid precursor protein into harmless fragments . Cathepsin B inhibition has been shown to limit bone metastasis in breast cancer .
Cathepsin B has been found to cleave procaspase 1 and procaspase 11 and to induce apoptosis in digitonin-permeabilized cells. Translocation of cathepsin B from the cytoplasm to the nucleus contributes to bile salt induced apoptosis of rat hepatocytes. Levels of cathepsin B in PC12 cells significantly decrease 12 to 24 hours after apoptosis is induced.

Unit Definition

One unit will liberate 1 nanomole of 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin from Z-Arg-Arg 7-amido-4-methylcoumarin per min at pH 6.0 at 40 °C.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing phosphate buffer salts

Preparation Note

Dissolves in water at 1 mg/mL concentration, yieliding a clear solution.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Cathepsins B, H, L and cysteine protease inhibitors in malignant prostate cell lines, primary cultured prostatic cells and prostatic tissue
Friedrich B, et al.
European Journal of Cancer, 35(1), 138-144 (1999)
Scavenger Receptor A Mediates the Clearance and Immunological Screening of MDA-Modified Antigen by M2-Type Macrophages
Warnecke A, et al.
Neuromolecular Medicine, 19(4), 463-479 (2017)
Viktorija Herceg et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(18) (2020-09-24)
Cyclopeptidic chemotherapeutic prodrugs (cPCPs) are macromolecular protease-sensitive doxorubicin (DOX) prodrugs synthesized from a cyclodecapeptidic scaffold, termed Regioselectively Addressable Functionalized Template (RAFT). In order to increase the chemotherapeutic potential of DOX and limit its toxicity, we used a Cathepsin B (Cat...
Mixed gastric carcinomas show similar chromosomal aberrations in both their diffuse and glandular components.
Carvalho B, et al.
Analytical Cellular Pathology, 28(5-6), 283-294 (2006)
Sarah Mueller-Steiner et al.
Neuron, 51(6), 703-714 (2006-09-20)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) may result from the accumulation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides in the brain. The cysteine protease cathepsin B (CatB) is associated with amyloid plaques in AD brains and has been suspected to increase Abeta production. Here, we demonstrate...

Articles

Enzymatic Assay of Cathepsin B

This procedure applies to all products that have a specification for Cathepsin B activity determined by the liberation of 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin from Z-Arg-Arg 7-amido-4-methylcoumarin.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service