C1386

Sigma-Aldrich

Curcumin

from Curcuma longa (Turmeric), powder

Synonym(s):
Diferulylmethane, (E,E)-1,7-bis(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione, Diferuloylmethane, Natural Yellow 3
Linear Formula:
HOC6H3(OCH3)CH=CHCO2CH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
368.38
Colour Index Number:
75300
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
2306965
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

biological source

Curcuma longa (Turmeric)

vapor density

13 (vs air)

assay

≥65% (HPLC)

form

powder

mp

175  °C

solubility

ethanol: 10 mg/mL
DMSO: >11 mg/mL (lit.)(lit.)
0.5 M NaOH: soluble (then immediately dilute in PBS lit.)(lit.)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

COc1cc(\C=C\C(=O)CC(=O)\C=C\c2ccc(O)c(OC)c2)ccc1O

InChI

1S/C21H20O6/c1-26-20-11-14(5-9-18(20)24)3-7-16(22)13-17(23)8-4-15-6-10-19(25)21(12-15)27-2/h3-12,24-25H,13H2,1-2H3/b7-3+,8-4+

InChI key

VFLDPWHFBUODDF-FCXRPNKRSA-N

Gene Information

human ... APP(351), CYP1A2(1544)

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Application

Curcumin has been used:
  • to measure its antibacterial activity in vitro
  • to determine its preventative effects for Alzheimer′s disease (AD) in mice
  • as a bifunctional agent for generation and validation of the erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) reporter system
  • to study its in vitro inhibitory effects on human liver glucuronidation activity
  • to evaluate the effects of curcumin on Parkinson′s disease (PD)-like phenotypes

Packaging

5, 10, 50 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

A natural phenolic compound. Potent anti-tumor agent having anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Curcumin has been cited as a potential chemopreventive agent, in addition to its chemotherapeutic activity. Induces apoptosis in cancer cells and inhibits phorbol ester-induced protein kinase C (PKC) activity. Reported to inhibit production of inflammatory cytokines by peripheral blood monocytes and alveolar macrophages. Potent inhibitor of EGFR tyrosine kinase and IκB kinase. Inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cycloxygenase and lipoxygenase. Easily penetrates into the cytoplasm of cells, accumulating in membranous structures such as plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope.
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a constituent of the yellow powder extracted from the roots of Curcuma longa Linn, also known as tumeric or turmeric. It is used as a spice and coloring agent for centuries. In addition, it is used to treat various diseases including, hepatic disorders, anorexia, diabetic wounds and rheumatism.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Gene Regulation research. Click here to discover more featured Gene Regulation products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Hazard Codes

Xi

Risk Statement

36/37/38

Safety Statement

26

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

In vivo imaging of early signs of dopaminergic neuronal death in an animal model of Parkinson's disease
Rizzi N, et al.
Neurobiology of Disease, 114, 74-84 (2018)
Dietary curcumin supplement influence on growth, immunity, antioxidant status, and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Oreochromis niloticus
Mahmoud HK, et al.
Aquaculture (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 475, 16-23 (2017)
Assessment of diets containing curcumin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, docosahexaenoic acid and alpha-lipoic acid on amyloid load and inflammation in a male transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease: Are combinations more effective?
Sharman MJ, et al.
Neurobiology of Disease, 124, 505-519 (2019)
In vitro inhibitory effects of Andrographis paniculata, Gynura procumbens, Ficus deltoidea, and Curcuma xanthorrhiza extracts and constituents on human liver glucuronidation activity
Husni Z, et al.
Pharmacognosy magazine, 13(Suppl 2), S236-S236 (2017)
Curcumin effectively rescued Parkinson?s disease-like phenotypes in a novel drosophila melanogaster model with dUCH Knockdown
Nguyen TT, et al.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018 (2018)
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