C2659

Sigma-Aldrich

Chromomycin A3 from Streptomyces griseus

≥95% (HPLC)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C57H82O26
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1183.25
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-positive bacteria
fungi
neoplastics

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CO[C@H]1[C@@H](O)CC(O[C@H]1C)O[C@H]2CC(O[C@@H](C)[C@H]2OC(C)=O)Oc3cc4cc5C[C@@H]([C@@H](OC)C(=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O)[C@H](OC6C[C@@H](OC7C[C@H](OC8C[C@](C)(O)[C@@H](OC(C)=O)[C@H](C)O8)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O7)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)O6)C(=O)c5c(O)c4c(O)c3C

InChI

1S/C57H82O26/c1-21-34(79-40-19-37(53(26(6)75-40)77-28(8)59)82-38-16-33(61)52(70-11)25(5)74-38)15-31-13-30-14-32(54(71-12)51(68)46(63)22(2)58)55(50(67)44(30)49(66)43(31)45(21)62)83-41-18-35(47(64)24(4)73-41)80-39-17-36(48(65)23(3)72-39)81-42-20-57(10,69)56(27(7)76-42)78-29(9)60/h13,15,22-27,32-33,35-42,46-48,52-56,58,61-66,69H,14,16-20H2,1-12H3/t22-,23-,24+,25-,26-,27-,32-,33-,35+,36-,37-,38?,39?,40?,41?,42?,46-,47+,48-,52+,53+,54+,55-,56-,57-/m0/s1

InChI key

ZYVSOIYQKUDENJ-MTPXVABGSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: aureolic acid

Application

Chromomycin A3 from Streptomyces griseus has been used as a reagent in flow sorting. It has also been used to stain spermatozoa to evaluate the sperm nuclear chromatin integrity.

Packaging

5, 10 mg in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chromomycin A3 from Streptomyces griseus is an antibiotic exhibiting anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and antitumor activities. It serves as a fluorescent DNA stain. It is useful for the detection of protamine deficiency in sperm chromatin. The compound blocks macromolecule synthesis by a specific, reversible interaction with DNA in the presence of bivalent metal ions. Binding to DNA minor groove mediates an efficient competitive inhibition of DNA gyrase and significantly affects topoisomerase II activity.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 3462 6.1 / PGI

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
S Chakrabarti et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 56(11), 1471-1479 (1998-11-25)
Chromomycin A3 (CHR), an anticancer antibiotic, blocks macromolecular synthesis via reversible interaction with DNA only in the presence of divalent cations like Mg2+. In the absence of DNA, the antibiotic forms a dimer: Mg2+ complex [(CHR)2Mg2+]. It is the DNA-binding...
Strategies for choosing a deoxyribonucleic acid stain for flow cytometry of metaphase chromosomes.
Jensen R, et al.
The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, 25(8), 954-964 (1977)
A Bell et al.
Journal of molecular recognition : JMR, 10(6), 245-255 (1998-10-15)
We present titrations of the human delta beta-globin gene region with DNA minor groove binders netropsin, bisnetropsin, distamycin, chromomycin and four bis-quaternary ammonium compounds in the presence of calf thymus topoisomerase II and DNase I. With increasing ligand concentration, stimulation...
A D Esterhuizen et al.
Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 15(3), 657-661 (2000-02-25)
The development of a sequential diagnostic schedule for patients consulting for infertility disturbances would be an ideal method of approach for clinicians in the absence of an aetiological or pathophysiological diagnosis. Since sperm morphology recorded by strict criteria has often...
Biosynthesis of the Antitumor Chromomycin A3 in Streptomyces griseus: Analysis of the Gene Cluster and Rational Design of Novel Chromomycin Analogs
Menendez, N et al.
Chemistry and Biology, 11(2), 21-32 (2019)
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