All Photos(3)

C4282

Sigma-Aldrich

Coenzyme A hydrate

≥85% (UV, HPLC)

Synonym(s):
CoA
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H36N7O16P3S · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
767.53 (anhydrous basis)
Beilstein:
77809
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

yeast

assay

≥85% (UV, HPLC)

form

powder

functional group

phospholipid

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O.CC(C)(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)n2cnc3c(N)ncnc23)[C@@H](O)C(=O)NCCC(=O)NCCS

InChI

1S/C21H36N7O16P3S.H2O/c1-21(2,16(31)19(32)24-4-3-12(29)23-5-6-48)8-41-47(38,39)44-46(36,37)40-7-11-15(43-45(33,34)35)14(30)20(42-11)28-10-27-13-17(22)25-9-26-18(13)28;/h9-11,14-16,20,30-31,48H,3-8H2,1-2H3,(H,23,29)(H,24,32)(H,36,37)(H,38,39)(H2,22,25,26)(H2,33,34,35);1H2/t11-,14-,15-,16+,20-;/m1./s1

InChI key

TVSAELAFGDOPKI-BLPRJPCASA-N

Related Categories

Application

Coenzyme A hydrate has been used in the thiolase enzyme assay of recombinant acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (rACAT) in Clonorchis sinensis. It may be used as a reference standard in Raman spectra measurements.

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle
25, 100 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential metabolic cofactor synthesized from cysteine, pantothenate, and ATP. CoA plays important roles in many metabolic pathways, including the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. One of the main functions of CoA is the carrying and transfer of acyl groups. Acylated deriviates, for example acetyl-CoA, are critical intermediates in many metabolic reactions. CoA levels can be altered during starvation, and in conditions such as cancer, diabetes, and alcoholism.

Caution

The free acid is less stable than the sodium or lithium salt; 5% decomposition may occur within 6 months when stored at −20 °C.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Francis McCoy et al.
Molecular cell, 52(3), 325-339 (2013-10-08)
Active metabolism regulates oocyte cell death via calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII)-mediated phosphorylation of caspase-2, but the link between metabolic activity and CaMKII is poorly understood. Here we identify coenzyme A (CoA) as the key metabolic signal that inhibits Xenopus...
Ulrike Demmer et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(9), 6363-6370 (2013-01-18)
Autotrophic members of the Sulfolobales (crenarchaeota) use the 3-hydroxypropionate/4-hydroxybutyrate cycle to assimilate CO2 into cell material. The product of the initial acetyl-CoA carboxylation with CO2, malonyl-CoA, is further reduced to malonic semialdehyde by an NADPH-dependent malonyl-CoA reductase (MCR); the enzyme...
Rajesh K Harijan et al.
The Biochemical journal, 455(1), 119-130 (2013-08-06)
Thiolases are essential CoA-dependent enzymes in lipid metabolism. In the present study we report the crystal structures of trypanosomal and leishmanial SCP2 (sterol carrier protein, type-2)-thiolases. Trypanosomatidae cause various widespread devastating (sub)-tropical diseases, for which adequate treatment is lacking. The...
Gregory R Wagner et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(40), 29036-29045 (2013-08-16)
Alterations in mitochondrial protein acetylation are implicated in the pathophysiology of diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, mitochondrial disorders, and cancer. However, a viable mechanism responsible for the widespread acetylation in mitochondria remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the physiologic pH and...
Haruyuki Atomi et al.
Biochemical Society transactions, 41(1), 427-431 (2013-01-30)
CoA is a ubiquitous molecule in all three domains of life and is involved in various metabolic pathways. The enzymes and reactions involved in CoA biosynthesis in eukaryotes and bacteria have been identified. By contrast, the proteins/genes involved in CoA...

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