D6899

Sigma-Aldrich

Diclofenac sodium salt

Synonym(s):
2-[(2,6-Dichlorophenyl)amino]benzeneacetic acid sodium salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C14H10Cl2NNaO2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
318.13
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥98% (TLC)

form

powder

mp

283-285  °C

solubility

methanol: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faint yellow or tan

originator

Novartis

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[Na+].[O-]C(=O)Cc1ccccc1Nc2c(Cl)cccc2Cl

InChI

1S/C14H11Cl2NO2.Na/c15-10-5-3-6-11(16)14(10)17-12-7-2-1-4-9(12)8-13(18)19;/h1-7,17H,8H2,(H,18,19);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

KPHWPUGNDIVLNH-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Gene Information

human ... PTGS1(5742), PTGS2(5743)

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Application

Diclofenac sodium has been used:
  • to investigate its radioprotective potential in a study
  • to determine the basic viscosity and hydrodynamic values of the solubilizers and their micellar adducts in a study
  • as a standard for potentiometric and fluorimetric determination of diclofenac in a sequential injection analysis system
  • to inhibit phase II drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) in a study to investigate the inhibitory effects of an ethanol extract of Descurainia sophia seeds on Phase I and II DMEs

Biochem/physiol Actions

Diclofenac sodium salt is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that acts as a competitive and irreversible inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase. Its analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities are based on the prevention of the synthesis of arachinodate metabolites via cyclooxygenase inhibition. It is found to hinder the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, which mediate inflammatory process. The NSAIDs are found to inhibit both cyclooxygenase enzymes, COX-1 and COX-2, causing undesirable gastrointestinal effect. Diclofenac sodium also functions as a scavenger of free radicals and serves a radioprotective role in restoring supercoiled form of plasmid DNA damaged by radiation back to normal. Diclofenac sodium is oxidized by the donation of electron and transfer of hydrogen atom. It can be a potential radioprotective agent.
Standard NSAID and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. Major metabolites are 4´-hydroxydiclofenac and 5´-hydroxydiclofenac. Has been used as substrate selective for CYP2C9.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Novartis. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.
This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.
This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.
This compound is featured on the Acid-Sensing (Proton-gated) Ion Channels (ASICs) and Nuclear Receptors (PPARs) pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 2811 6.1 / PGIII

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Amit Alok et al.
Mutation research, 755(2), 156-162 (2013-07-06)
The potential of clinical drug diclofenac sodium which is routinely used in clinics as non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs opens a new insight in development of radioprotector. The drug has shown its potential radioprotective efficacy in clonogenic cell survival in Chinese hamster...
Simultaneous potentiometric and fluorimetric determination of diclofenac in a sequential injection analysis system
Analytica Chimica Acta, 470, 185-194 (2002)
Jin-Mu Yi et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 15, 441-441 (2015-12-20)
Descurainia sophia seeds have a variety of pharmacological functions and been widely used in traditional folk medicine. However, their effects on human drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) activities have not been elucidated. The present study investigated the inhibitory effects of an...
Diclofenac sodium (GP 45840, Voltaren), a potent inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase.
E C Ku et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 24(5), 641-643 (1975-03-01)
Dong Qing Zhang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 181, 98-106 (2013-07-13)
A systematic approach to assess the fate of selected pharmaceuticals (carbamazepine, naproxen, diclofenac, clofibric acid and caffeine) in hydroponic mesocosms is described. The overall objective was to determine the kinetics of depletion (from solution) and plant uptake for these compounds...
Related Content
Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for ADME/Tox
Read More
Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Lipid Signaling Research
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.