for molecular biology, ≥98% (HPLC), ≥99% (titration)

threo-1,4-Dimercapto-2,3-butanediol, DTT, Cleland’s reagent
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level


for molecular biology


≥98% (HPLC)
≥99% (titration)

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant


41-44 °C (lit.)


H2O: 50 mg/mL

cation traces

heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, protease, none detected

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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DL-Dithiothreitol has been added to the samples before loading them for SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). It has been used in the procedure of in situ hybridization of mRNA.
An excellent reagent for maintaining SH groups in reduced state; quantitatively reduces disulfides. DTT is effective in sample buffers for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to SDS-PAGE. DTT can also be used for reducing the disulfide bridge of the cross-linker N,N′-bis(acryloyl)cystamine to break apart the matrix of a polyacrylamide gel. DTT is less pungent and is less toxic than 2-mercaptoethanol. Typically, a seven fold lower concentration of DTT (100 mM) is needed than is used for 2-mercaptoethanol (5% v/v, 700 mM).


250 mg in poly bottle
1, 5, 10, 25, 50 g in poly bottle


CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


UN 3335

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. What is the shelf life of Product D9779, DL-Dithiothreitol?

    The recommended retest period for D9779 is 4 years. This information can be found on the Specification Sheet. The actual retest date for a given lot can be found on the Certificate of Analysis for that lot.

  4. What is the solubility of Product D9779, DL-Dithiothreitol?

    This product is soluble in water (50 mg/mL), yielding a clear, colorless solution. DTT is also soluble in ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, chloroform and ether. This information may be found on the product information sheet for a related DTT product (Product No. D0632).

  5. What is the solution stability of Product D9779, DL-Dithiothreitol (DTT)?

    We generally recommend preparing DTT solutions fresh daily. A table showing the half life of DTT in solution under various conditions can be found on the product information sheet for a related DTT product (Product No. D0632).

  6. What is the meaning of Molecular Biology Grade in the description of Product D9779, DL-Dithiothreitol?

    Molecular Biology grade products are tested for DNase, RNase, and protease to make certain that they contain minimal levels of these contaminants.

  7. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  8. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

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