≥99.5% (GC), BioReagent, for molecular biology

Amide C1, Formic amide
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level


for molecular biology

vapor density

1.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)
30 mmHg ( 129 °C)

product line



≥99.5% (GC)



autoignition temp.

932 °F


electrophoresis: suitable
immunohistochemistry: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.447 (lit.)


4-10 (20 °C, 200 g/L)


210 °C (lit.)


2-3 °C (lit.)


1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)


suitable for nucleic acid hybridization

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Formamide is a clear liquid amide derived from formic acid. Formamide allows for the denaturation and renaturation of nucleic acids at room temperature.


Formamide is suitable for use in hybridization buffers made using standard recipes. Formamide destabilizes nucleic acid duplexes and may be used, typically, at a concentration of 50%, in hybridization protocols requiring lower hybridization temperatures.

Other applications include:

  • Preparation of brain sections of mice for BrdU immunohistochemistry
  • FISH analysis of HeLa cells.
  • Preparation of the polyacrylamide gel for analysis of PCR products using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis(The Merck Index, 12th ed).
Formamide destabilizes nucleic acid duplexes and may be used, typically, at a concentration of 50%, in hybridization protocols requiring lower hybridization temperatures.

Features and Benefits

  • Deionized for molecular biology applications
  • Packaged under argon gas in amber bottles to protect from oxidation
  • Used for DNA renaturation or DNA-RNA hybridization
  • Reduces thermal stability of double stranded nucleic acids


  • nucleic acid hybridization
  • cryoprotectant and gel-stabilizer
  • destabilize nucleic acid duplexes
  • elimination of secondary structure of nucleic acids
  • preparation of hybridization buffers for RNA and DNA application

Other Notes

The product has been deionized for molecular biology use and packaged under argon gas in amber glass bottles to protect it from oxidation.


Health hazard

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Target Organs


Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

305.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

152 °C

Jianwei Li
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 91(8), 1873-1879 (2002-07-13)
This article describes the proper selection of extraction solvents to eliminate interference from a polymer matrix to the quantitation of estradiol degradation products in a transdermal formulation by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The separation is performed by gradient elution with acetonitrile...
N C Pagratis
Nucleic acids research, 24(18), 3645-3646 (1996-09-15)
Streptavidin induced electrophoretic mobility shift was used to prepare single stranded (ss) DNA amplified with the polymerase chain reaction in the presence of a biotinylated and a non-biotinylated primer. A variety of denaturing conditions, including incubation at 95 degrees C...
T Kaabache et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 232(2), 225-230 (1995-12-10)
The sensitivity of direct solution hybridization of hepatocytes solubilized in guanidium thiocyanate (GuSCN) for detecting alpha 1-acid glycoprotein and albumin mRNAs was studied. The sensitivity of detection was inversely correlated with the DNA concentration. Raising the hybridization temperature from 20...
Laurent Geiser et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 979(1-2), 389-398 (2002-12-25)
A nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) method, coupled with either UV or electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), is described for the simultaneous analysis of seven beta-blockers. The same electrolyte, namely 25 mM ammonium formate and 1 M formic acid, was used with...
R Temmerman et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 69(1), 220-226 (2003-01-07)
In order to obtain functional and safe probiotic products for human consumption, fast and reliable quality control of these products is crucial. Currently, analysis of most probiotics is still based on culture-dependent methods involving the use of specific isolation media...
Related Content
Formamide is a reagent that is an ionizing solvent in aqueous buffers. It is widely utilized in biochemistry and molecular biology, particularly in nucleic acids research.
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