G1264

Sigma-Aldrich

Gentamicin sulfate salt

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
Gentiomycin C
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42020823
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

biological source

Micromonospora purpurea

product line

BioReagent

form

powder

potency

~600 μg Gentamicin per mg

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

white to off-white

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycoplasma

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O=S(O)(O)=O.O[C@]1(C)[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](O)[C@H](O[C@H]3O[C@@](CC[C@H]3N)([C@@H](C)NC)[H])[C@@H](N)C[C@H]2N)OC1)NC.O[C@]4(C)[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]5[C@@H](O)[C@H](O[C@H]6O[C@@](CC[C@H]6N)([C@@H](C)N)[H])[C@@H](N)C[C@H]5N)OC4)NC.O[

InChI

1S/C21H43N5O7.C20H41N5O7.C19H39N5O7.H2O4S/c1-9(25-3)13-6-5-10(22)19(31-13)32-16-11(23)7-12(24)17(14(16)27)33-20-15(28)18(26-4)21(2,29)8-30-20;1-8(21)12-5-4-9(22)18(30-12)31-15-10(23)6-11(24)16(13(15)26)32-19-14(27)17(25-3)20(2,28)7-29-19;1-19(27)7-28-18(13(26)16(19)24-2)31-15-11(23)5-10(22)14(12(15)25)30-17-9(21)4-3-8(6-20)29-17;1-5(2,3)4/h9-20,25-29H,5-8,22-24H2,1-4H3;8-19,25-28H,4-7,21-24H2,1-3H3;8-18,24-27H,3-7,20-23H2,1-2H3;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t9-,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16-,17+,18-,19-,20-,21+;8-,9-,10+,11-,12+,13+,14-,15-,16+,17-,18-,19-,20+;8-,9+,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16+,17+,18+,19-;/m110./s1

InChI key

RDEIXVOBVLKYNT-HDZPSJEVSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: aminoglycoside
Gentamicin, also known as gentiomycin C, is an aminoglycoside, which is naturally produced by Gram-negative bacteria. This antibiotic functions by preventing protein synthesis. Gentamicin sulfate prevents the growth of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, in vivo and in vitro. In tissue culture, gentamicin sulfate is used to inhibit the growth of various strains of mycoplasma.

Application

Gentamicin sulfate, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been used as a selection agent (gentamicin-resistance gene) in cell culture and molecular biology applications. This product is recommended for use at 50 mg/L.

Packaging

50, 250 mg in poly bottle
1, 5, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of action: Gentamicin causes codon misreading by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit, blocking the translocation of peptidyl-tRNA from the acceptor site to the donor site. The bactericidal effect of gentamicin on Pseudomonas aeruginosa is exerted by the binding of gentamicin to the outer membrane, where it displaces natural cations, destabilizes the membrane, and forms holes in the cell surface.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Includes Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including strains resistant to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, kanamycin and colistin, particularly strains of Pseudomonas, Proteus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.

Components

Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside complex produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. It is used as the sulfate salt. There are three components, each consisting of five basic nitrogens and requiring five equivalents of sulfuric acid per mole of gentamicin base.

Caution

Sterile solutions should be stored at 2-8°C. Solutions have also been shown to be stable at room temperature and in boiling aqueous buffers of pH 2-142.

Analysis Note

Solubility- freely soluble in water, practically insoluble in ethanol

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

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International journal of environmental research and public health, 11(10), 10105-10124 (2014-10-01)
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Hongzhe Li et al.
PloS one, 6(4), e19130-e19130 (2011-05-10)
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