L2378

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Linolenic acid

≥99%, liquid

Synonym(s):
gamma-Linolenic acid, cis,cis,cis-6,9,12-Octadecatrienoic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H30O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
278.43
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1712253
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

plant oil (borage)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

functional group

carboxylic acid

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCCCC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C18H30O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18(19)20/h6-7,9-10,12-13H,2-5,8,11,14-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20)/b7-6-,10-9-,13-12-

InChI key

VZCCETWTMQHEPK-QNEBEIHSSA-N

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Application

γ-linolenic acid has been used as an analytical standard in gas chromatography. It may be used in nutritional studies regarding weight regain and as a possible tumor suppression agent. γ-linolenic acid is used in studies on the mechanisms and prevention of oxidation/peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids.

Packaging

10, 100, 500 mg in ampule
1 g in ampule

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gamma-linolenate (C18:6,9,12) differs from α-linolenate (C18:9,12,15) in the positions of the double bonds.
γ-Linolenic acid , a polyunsaturated fatty acid, exerts anti-inflammatory effect by decreasing both interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-8 production in the human enterocyte-like cell line Caco-2 and humandendritic cells in vitro .

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

230.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

110 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Inmaculada Tasset-Cuevas et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e56986-e56986 (2013-03-06)
Borage (Borago officinalis L.) seed oil has been used as a treatment for various degenerative diseases. Many useful properties of this oil are attributed to its high gamma linolenic acid content (GLA, 18:3 ω-6). The purpose of this study was...
Michael M Meguid et al.
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 24(9), 832-842 (2008-08-30)
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) produces rapid and dramatic weight loss in very heavy obese patients. Up to 20% cannot sustain their weight loss beyond 2 to 3 y after surgery. To identify putative etiologic factors producing post-RYGB weight regain, a...
J Hindo et al.
Radiation research, 153(2), 201-207 (2000-01-12)
Peroxidation of unconjugated polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linolenic acid proceeds through a free radical chain mechanism and is accompanied by the formation of conjugated dienes such as hydroperoxides. In an investigation of radiation-induced oxidation of aqueous linolenate, we have...
Julianne Lindemann et al.
Current medical research and opinion, 25(12), 2865-2875 (2009-10-09)
Asthma can have a negative impact on quality of life although this is not well correlated with objective evaluations of pulmonary function. A medical food, EFF1009, containing the fatty acids gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) decreases leukotriene B(4)...
Y Y Fan et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 128(9), 1411-1414 (1998-09-10)
Considerable debate remains regarding the distinct biological activities of individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). One of the most interesting yet controversial dietary approaches has been the possible prophylactic role of dietary gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) in treating various chronic disease states....

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