L3287

Sigma-Aldrich

Escort IV Transfection Reagent

Lipid reagent for transient and stable transfection of mammalian and insect cells.

NACRES:
NA.25
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

form

liquid (aqueous solution)

usage

 mL sufficient for 160-500 transfections

concentration

1 mg/mL

application(s)

transfection: suitable

storage temp.

2-8°C

Related Categories

General description

Escort IV is a unique formulation of a proprietary polycationic lipid and a neutral non-transfecting lipid. This liposome-forming compound is used for transfection of nucleic acids into a wide variety of eukaryotic cell types.

Application

Suitable for transient and stable transfection of nucleic acids into cultured eukaryotic cells. Use approximately 4-16 μL Escort IV and 2 μg DNA per 6 cm cell culture plate. Protocol optimization provides very efficient transfection. For a list of cells that have been successfully transfected using Escort IV, see the Transfection Reagent Selection Guide.

Features and Benefits

  • Suitable for stable and transient transfection
  • Optimized for a wide variety of cell lines
  • Low toxicity
  • Compatible with both serum and serum-free transfection protocols
  • Ideal for Sf9, Sf21 and S2 insect cells

Components

Escort IV formulation:
1 mg/mL total lipid in water

Note the identity of the lipids used in Escort IV is confidential.

Caution

Do not freeze.

Principle

A stable complex is formed when Escort IV is mixed with DNA in the absence of serum. The complexes are stable and can be directly added to the cell culture medium, where they fuse with the cell membrane, releasing the DNA into the cytoplasm. Note: complex formation is inhibited by serum, but once stable complexes have formed, the presence of serum is without consequence.

Legal Information

Escort is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. Why do I see a precipitate in my cell culture after lipid-based transfection?

    The precipitate is likely excess lipid or EDTA and will probablly not affect transfection efficiency.  If your DNA plasmid is suspended in TE, be sure the concentration of EDTA is <0.3 mM, or suspend the DNA in sterile molecular biology grade water instead.

  6. Is low cell passage number an important consideration for transfection?

    Yes, we recommend cells are at a low passage when being  used for any application, including transfection.  The reason why depends on what type of cells they are.  Primary cells will undergo a finite number of divisions, and as they get closer to senesence they divide more slowly - both affecting their ability to take up DNA (transient transfection), and minimizing their abillity to incorporate the DNA into the genome (stable selection).Cultured common cell lines are often immortalized, and generally continue to aquire mutations, leading to a heterogenous population that may perform differently from cells of lower passage number - leading to results that are not reproducible.

  7. Is the size of the plasmid an important consideration for transfection?

    The size of the plasmid should be considered when selecting a transfection reagent with the best efficiency.  In general, larger sized plasmids should easily transfect with readily available transfection reagents, as along as the plasmid DNA is of high purity.

  8. Is optimizing the transfection protocol important?

    For many common cell lines, transfection reagent efficiency is very high and the protocols will not require any optimization.  For hard-to-transfect cells or those ultimately expressing a toxic protein, the protocol should be optimized for best transfection efficiency.  Taking time to optimize will give you more transfected cells with each procedure, which can mean more protein expressed and results that are reproducible.

  9. How do I choose a transfection reagent?

    There are many guides that help you select a transfection reagent.  In general, consider:The type of cell(s) you will transfectThe type of nucleic acid or protein you will introduce to the cellThe composition of your cell culture mediumThe need for stable or transient transfectionThe equipment you have availableThe other factors important to you - cost, protocol flexibility, ease of use, etc.

  10. What quality does the DNA need to be in order to use it for transfection?

    The DNA needs to be good quality or it may cause the cells to lyse and/or they won't transfect efficiently.  Plasmid DNA prepared with a column-based DNA purification kit is suitable for transfections.  Sigma's GenElute Minprep, Midiprep and Maxiprep kits work well for DNA plasmid purification.  After preparing the DNA, confirm the OD A260:A280 ratio is greater than 1.6 for use in plasmid transfections.

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Sol-gel nanoprobes, also known as Photonic Explorer for Bioanalysis with Biologically Localised Embedding (PEBBLE), capable of performing in-vitro intracellular monitoring of reactive oxygen species have been developed using a modified form of 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate. A sol-gel matrix was selected for...
Manveen K Gupta et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 8(5-6), 1081-1093 (2006-06-15)
Cardiac myocytes, upon exposure to increasing doses of norepinephrine (NE), transit from hypertrophic to apoptotic phenotype. Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is attributed to both phenomena, the authors tested whether an elevation in intracellular ROS level causes such transition....
Zev Bryant et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(3), 772-777 (2006-12-22)
Myosin VI supports movement toward the (-) end of actin filaments, despite sharing extensive sequence and structural homology with (+)-end-directed myosins. A class-specific stretch of amino acids inserted between the converter domain and the lever arm was proposed to provide...
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Moths recognize a wide range of volatile compounds, which they use to locate mates, food sources, and oviposition sites. These compounds are recognized by odorant receptors (OR) located within the dendritic membrane of sensory neurons that extend into the lymph...
Articles
Transfection is the introduction of DNA, RNA, or proteins into eukaryotic cells and is used in research to study and modulate gene expression. Thus, transfection techniques and protocols serve as an analytical tool that facilitates the characterization of genetic functions, protein synthesis, cell growth and development.
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This brief webinar provides an overview of what transfection is and the methods that are used to introduce DNA or RNA into eukaryotic cells.
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Protocols
Expert guidance on the best way to optimize your transfection experiments. Optimized protocols result in highest efficiency transfections.
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Our Universal Transfection Reagent is a unique formulation of a proprietary polymer blend used for transient and stable transfection of nucleic acids into various eukaryotic cell lines and hard-to-transfect primary cells. This is a fast and easy protocol is compatible with serum, serum-free medium and antibiotics.
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Product manual provides detailed protocol for easy DNA transfection.
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The product bulletin providin detailed use protocol for easy DNA transfection.
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Related Content
Browse our convenient transfection reagent selection guide to match the best reagent for your specific cell line and application needs.
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