All Photos(1)



Murashige and Skoog Basal Medium

powder, suitable for plant cell culture, with Gamborg′s vitamins

Murashige and Skoog (Gamborg Modified) Basal Media, MS Basal Medium
MDL number:

Quality Level




cell culture | plant: suitable

Featured Industry


shipped in


storage temp.


Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide


Murashige and Skoog Basal Medium has been used:
  • to germinate the seeds for seedling growth and germination studies
  • in the suspension culture of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia for transformation
  • in the root culture of hairy clone A. artemisiifolia T4

Formula variant

With the macro- and micronutrients as described by Murashige and Skoog (1962) and the vitamins as described by Gamborg, et al. (1968).

Media Formulation


Formulated to contain 4.4 grams of powder per liter of medium.

Preparation Note

Murashige and Skoog medium can be reconstituted from powder or by combining products that are major components of complete M&S medium, such as macronutrient, micronutrient and vitamin mixtures.
Murashige and Skoog medium (M0404) contains the macro- and micronutrients of M&S basal medium as described by Gamborg, et al (1968). It can be supplemented with organics and with auxins (IAA) and cytokinins (Kinetin) to generate a complete medium for growth plant tissue culture.


Flame over circleExclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Ox. Sol. 3

Storage Class Code

5.1B - Oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Crescencio Bazaldúa et al.
PloS one, 14(9), e0222464-e0222464 (2019-09-13)
Ten Hyptis suaveolens hairy root lines were established by infecting nodal explants with K599+pGus-GFP+ and ATCC15834+pTDT strains from Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Genetic transformation was confirmed by epifluorescence and plagiotropic hairy root growth in absence of growth regulators. Cytotoxicity was determined using...
Identification of a Golgi-localised GRIP domain protein from Arabidopsis thaliana
Gilson PR, et al.
Planta, 219(6), 1050-1056 (2004)
Brenden Hurley et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114921-e114921 (2014-12-17)
Pseudomonas syringae subverts plant immune signalling through injection of type III secreted effectors (T3SE) into host cells. The T3SE HopF2 can disable Arabidopsis immunity through Its ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. Proteomic analysis of HopF2 interacting proteins identified a protein complex containing ATPases...
Overexpression of 20-oxidase confers a gibberellin-overproduction phenotype in Arabidopsis
Huang S, et al.
Plant Physiology, 118(3), 773-781 (1998)
Ken-Der Wang et al.
The Plant cell, 32(1), 166-185 (2019-11-07)
Multiple long-distance signals have been identified for pathogen-induced systemic acquired resistance, but mobile signals for symbiont-induced systemic resistance (ISR) are less well understood. We used ISR-positive and -negative mutants of maize (Zea mays) and the beneficial fungus Trichoderma virens and...

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service