O6379

Sigma-Aldrich

Oxytocin acetate salt hydrate

≥97% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
α-Hypophamine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C43H66N12O12S2
Molecular Weight:
1007.19
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

assay

≥97% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

water: 10 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CCC(C)C1NC(=O)C(Cc2ccc(O)cc2)NC(=O)C(N)CSSCC(NC(=O)C(CC(N)=O)NC(=O)C(CCC(N)=O)NC1=O)C(=O)N3CCCC3C(=O)NC(CC(C)C)C(=O)NCC(N)=O

InChI

1S/C43H66N12O12S2/c1-5-22(4)35-42(66)49-26(12-13-32(45)57)38(62)51-29(17-33(46)58)39(63)53-30(20-69-68-19-25(44)36(60)50-28(40(64)54-35)16-23-8-10-24(56)11-9-23)43(67)55-14-6-7-31(55)41(65)52-27(15-21(2)3)37(61)48-18-34(47)59/h8-11,21-22,25-31,35,56H,5-7,12-20,44H2,1-4H3,(H2,45,57)(H2,46,58)(H2,47,59)(H,48,61)(H,49,66)(H,50,60)(H,51,62)(H,52,65)(H,53,63)(H,54,64)

InChI key

XNOPRXBHLZRZKH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... OXT(5020)

Amino Acid Sequence

Cys-Tyr-Ile-Gln-Asn-Cys-Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2 Disulfide Bridge: 1-6

General description

Oxytocin (OXT) is a potent natriuretic hormone encoded by the gene mapped to human chromosome 20p13. It is synthesized along with its carrier protein neurophysin I from its inactive precursor prepro-OXT. OXT gene consists of three exons and two introns, where first exon codes for hormone OXT while other exon codes for neurophysin I.

Application

Oxytocin acetate salt hydrate has been used in cell proliferation assay and is used in experiments to study the effect of oxytocin in the prelimbic (PL) region of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) on anxiety. It is used as a marker in receptor autoradiography to assess nonspecific tissue binding in the periphery of the neonatal mouse.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Oxytocin (OXT) and arginine vasopressin hormone plays a vital role in regulation of water excretion, parturition and lactation. OXT has been implicated in hydromineral homeostasis and vascular and cardiac relaxation. Oxytocin might function as an effective therapeutic for psychiatric diseases, including depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and autism. OXT has a potential as a marker of autism severity. OXT is an anorexigenic neuropeptide, which is implicated in social cognition and obsessive-compulsive behavior. Plasma oxytocin levels are high in children with Prader-willi syndrome (PWS) compared with unrelated and unaffected siblings. Deficiency of OXT hormone might contribute to pathogenesis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Stimulates uterine contraction and lactation; increases Na+ excretion; stimulates myometrial GTPase and phospholipase C.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Oxytocin receptor binding sites in the periphery of the neonatal mouse.
Greenwood MA
PLoS ONE, 12(2), e0172904-e0172904 (2017)
Oxytocin-dopamine interactions mediate variations in maternal behavior in the rat.
Shahrokh DK
Endocrinology, 151(5), 2276-2286 (2010)
Eduardo M Cafarchio et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 11, 382-382 (2020-05-22)
Urinary bladder dysfunction affects several people worldwide and shows higher prevalence in women. Micturition is dependent on the Barrington's nucleus, pontine urine storage center and periaqueductal gray matter, but other brain stem areas are involved in the bladder regulation. Neurons...
Low oxytocin and melatonin levels and their possible role in the diagnosis and prognosis in Iraqi autistic children.
Abdulamir HA
Saudi Medical Journal, 37(1), 29-36 (2016)
The human gene for oxytocin-neurophysin I (OXT) is physically mapped to chromosome 20p13 by in situ hybridization.
Rao VV
Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 61(4), 271-273 (1992)

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.