Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) is a form of vitamin B6. Other forms include the aldehyde pyridoxal and the amide pyridoxamine. It is an important cofactor for metabolism.
Vitamin B group are water-soluble and exists in six forms which includes the pyridoxal, pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxamine 5′-phospate, pyridoxine 5′-phosphate and pyridoxal 5′-phosphate. Vitamin B6 is distributed in nuts, whole grains and animal meat.
Pyridoxine plays a key role in cell maintenance and amino acid metabolism. Deficiency of vitamin B6 leads to anemia especially in pregnant women and seizures in newborns. It serves as cofactor for heme biosynthesis during δ-amino levulinic acid formation, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase and glutamic acid decarboxylase. Vitamin B6 also helps in reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and helps plants in overcoming the abiotic and biotic stress.