109452

Sigma-Aldrich

Iodoform

99%

Synonym(s):
Triiodomethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHI3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
393.73
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1697010
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

99%

form

powder

mp

118-121 °C (lit.)

solubility

chloroform: soluble 5%
H2O: insoluble
acetone: freely soluble
benzene: freely soluble
glycerol: very slightly soluble
petroleum ether: slightly soluble

density

4.008 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

IC(I)I

InChI

1S/CHI3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

OKJPEAGHQZHRQV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Iodoform initiates the nascent Cu0-catalyzed living radical polymerization of vinyl chloride. Iodoform paste can be used in root canal therapy for infected primary teeth.

Application

Iodoform was used in thermal analysis and flammability studies of butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber, Perbunan NT 1845 of Bayer, cross-linked with iodoform. It was used to develop an analytical method for simultaneous determination of iodoform, iodoacetic acid and other trihalomethanes in drinking water.

Packaging

5, 100, 500 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Iodoform is an iodine containing compound, which is used in antiseptic applications in the medical and veterinary medicine fields. Iodoform improves fermentation in the biomass ensilage conversion system by improving lactic acid production and inhibiting butyric fermentation.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

F Garcia-Godoy
ASDC journal of dentistry for children, 54(1), 30-34 (1987-01-01)
The treatment guidelines for success were if clinically the tooth was painless, without pathologic mobility, and the gingiva was healthy. No clinical or radiographic signs or symptoms of failure were observed in forty-three of forty-five teeth.
Thermal stability and flammability of butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber cross-linked with iodoform.
Rybinski P, et al.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 81(1), 9-13 (2005)
Xiaolin Liu et al.
PloS one, 8(4), e60858-e60858 (2013-04-25)
An optimized method is presented using liquid-liquid extraction and derivatization for the extraction of iodoacetic acid (IAA) and other haloacetic acids (HAA9) and direct extraction of iodoform (IF) and other trihalomethanes (THM4) from drinking water, followed by detection by gas...
Living radical polymerization of vinyl chloride initiated with iodoform and catalyzed by nascent Cu0/tris (2-aminoethyl) amine or polyethyleneimine in water at 25? C proceeds by a new competing pathways mechanism.
Percec V, et al.
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 41(21), 3283-3299 (2003)
Hervé Gallard et al.
Environmental science & technology, 43(18), 7003-7009 (2009-10-08)
This study shows that iodinated organic compounds can be produced when iodide-containing waters are in contact with manganese oxide birnessite (delta-MnO2) in the pH range of 5-7. In the absence of natural organic matter (NOM), iodide is oxidized to iodate...

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