112771

Sigma-Aldrich

Methyl isothiocyanate

97%

Linear Formula:
CH3NCS
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
73.12
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
605319
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

vapor pressure

21 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

97%

bp

117-118 °C (lit.)

mp

30-34 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: slightly soluble

density

1.069 g/cm3 at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CN=C=S

InChI

1S/C2H3NS/c1-3-2-4/h1H3

InChI key

LGDSHSYDSCRFAB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methyl isothiocyanate (MITC) is a common soil fumigant byproduct that is toxic and corrosive, skin and respiratory irritant. It can be degraded and removed from contaminated waters by free radical reactions†.

Application

Methyl isothiocyanate can be used:
  • For amino acid sequence analysis
  • To study the effect of pesticide Metam (methyl isothiocyanate is its active ingredient) in the streamside microbial communities

Packaging

100, 500 g in Sure/Seal™
5 g in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 2477 3(6.1) / PGI

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

86.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

30 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Microbial ecology, toxicology and chemical fate of methyl isothiocyanate in riparian soils from the upper Sacramento river.
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry / Setac, 15(10), 1694-1701 (1996)
Methyl isothiocyanate in wine.
C Rostron
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 30(9), 821-823 (1992-09-01)
Michael L Dourson et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 58(2), 181-188 (2010-04-22)
The preplant fumigants, metam-sodium, metam-potassium, and dazomet undergo decomposition to the biocide methyl isothiocyanate (MITC) in moist soils. Since MITC vapor can migrate from its site of application, we developed an estimate of health protective concentrations for airborne exposures to...
Y Zhang et al.
Journal of environmental quality, 34(5), 1566-1572 (2005-08-11)
Recent studies have observed enhanced degradation of methyl isothiocyanate (MITC) from repeated fumigation in agricultural soils. Little is known about fumigant degradation in forest and nursery soils. This study was conducted to determine degradation rates of MITC and chloropicrin (CP)...
Luis O Ruzo
Pest management science, 62(2), 99-113 (2005-11-26)
Production and use of methyl bromide, a soil fumigant, are being restricted because of this chemical's deleterious effects on stratospheric ozone concentrations. Several products, some of which are currently used as soil fumigants, are being considered as possible replacements for...

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