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122629

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethyl levulinate

greener alternative

99%

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Synonym(s):
Ethyl 4-oxopentanoate
Linear Formula:
CH3COCH2CH2COOC2H5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
144.17
Beilstein:
507641
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

Assay

99%

greener alternative product characteristics

Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

refractive index

n20/D 1.422 (lit.)

bp

93-94 °C/18 mmHg (lit.)

solubility

H2O: freely soluble
alcohol: miscible

density

1.016 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

greener alternative category

SMILES string

CCOC(=O)CCC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C7H12O3/c1-3-10-7(9)5-4-6(2)8/h3-5H2,1-2H3

InChI key

GMEONFUTDYJSNV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
W244201W244220W243914
Ethyl levulinate 99%

Sigma-Aldrich

122629

Ethyl levulinate

Ethyl levulinate ≥98%, FCC, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W244201

Ethyl levulinate

Ethyl levulinate natural, ≥98%, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W244220

Ethyl levulinate

Ethyl hexanoate natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG

Sigma-Aldrich

W243914

Ethyl hexanoate

refractive index

n20/D 1.422 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.422 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.422 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.407 (lit.)

bp

93-94 °C/18 mmHg (lit.)

bp

93-94 °C/18 mmHg (lit.)

bp

93-94 °C/18 mmHg (lit.)

bp

168 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: freely soluble, alcohol: miscible

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

density

1.016 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.016 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.016 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.869 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

400

Quality Level

400

General description

Ethyl levulinate is diluent for biodiesel fuels with high saturated fatty acid content.

Ethyl levulinate is a ketoester produced through the esterification of levulinic acid and is used as an oxygenated diesel additive.
We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry. This product has been classified as a greener solvent. Click here for more information.

Application

Ethyl levulinate was used to develop a preparative HPLC method to preserve wine aromas and isolates fruity characteristics of red wine aroma extracts.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

201.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

94 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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25G
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International journal of leprosy and other mycobacterial diseases : official organ of the International Leprosy Association, 47(4), 585-596 (1979-12-01)
The fine structures and the interconnections between the intracytoplasmic membrane systems and cell division of murine leprosy bacilli in liver tissue from mice infected intraperitoneally with Mycobacterium lepraemurium, Hawaiian strain, were studied in ultrathin serial sections at the electron microscopic
Optimized enzymatic synthesis of levulinate ester in solvent-free system
Alice L et al.
Industrial Crops and Products, 32, 246-251 (2010)
Catalytic upgrading of levulinic acid to ethyl levulinate using reusable silica-included Wells-Dawson heteropolyacid as catalyst.
Pasquale G, et al.
Catalysis Communications, 18, 115-120 (2012)
Ethyl levulinate: A potential bio-based diluent for biodiesel which improves cold flow properties.
Joshi H, et al
Biomass and Bioenergy, 35(7), 3262-3266 (2011)
Bénédicte Pineau et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 57(9), 3702-3708 (2009-03-31)
A preparative HPLC method, which preserves wine aromas and isolates fruity characteristics in specific fractions, was applied to red wine aroma extracts. Various odor-active zones were detected in typical fractions by GC-O analysis of their extracts. Through further GC-MS analyses

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