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Isovaleric acid


3-Methylbutyric acid, 3-Methylbutanoic acid
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.38 mmHg ( 20 °C)





autoignition temp.

824 °F

refractive index

n20/D 1.403 (lit.)


175-177 °C (lit.)


−29 °C (lit.)


0.925 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Isovaleric acid is a volatile organic compound present in vinegar bait and is determined by solid phase microextraction. Isovaleric acid inhibits the synthesis of saturated fatty acids. It is a favorable carbon source for cell growth. Moreover, it is a promising odor indicator.


Isovaleric acid inhibits the synthesis of saturated fatty acids.


100, 500 mL in glass bottle

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. 129542.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit



Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials



Flash Point(F)

176.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

80 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Xiaojin Song et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 61(41), 9876-9881 (2013-09-24)
Aurantiochytrium is an important docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) producer containing two kinds of fatty acid synthesis pathways, that is, the fatty acid synthase pathway (FAS) for saturated fatty acid synthesis and the polyketide synthase pathway (PKS) for polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis.
Lingling Wang et al.
Microbiology spectrum, 9(2), e0124621-e0124621 (2021-10-21)
The adenoviral DNA is prevalent in adenotonsillectomy specimens from pediatric patients, though the virus seems to be in latent state. The tonsils are at the forefront of airway entry point and are the first line of defense against airway viral
N Qamaruz-Zaman et al.
Waste management (New York, N.Y.), 32(12), 2426-2430 (2012-07-24)
Research was conducted to determine suitable chemical parameters as indicators of odor from decomposing food wastes. Prepared food scraps were stored in 18 l plastic buckets (2 kg wet weight each) at 20 °C and 8 °C to reproduce high
Qinxue Wen et al.
Bioresource technology, 143, 695-698 (2013-07-17)
Microalga Chlorella protothecoides can accumulate high proportion of lipids during the heterotrophic growth with glucose as the carbon source. However, its commercial application is restricted due to the high cost of the carbon source. In this study, the wasted activated
Zoey P Zahorodny Duggan et al.
Journal of comparative physiology. B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 179(6), 783-798 (2009-04-18)
Fat bodies in the heads of toothed whales, which serve to transmit and receive sound, represent extraordinary examples of physiological specialization in adipose tissues among mammals, yet we know surprisingly little about their biochemical composition. We describe the spatial distributions


Characteristic Metabolites for Inborn Errors of Amino Acid Metabolism

Inborn errors of metabolism are caused by changes in specific enzymatic reactions and hundreds of different such alterations, which affect about 1 of every 5000 newborns, have been characterized.

GC Analysis of C2-C7 Free Fatty Acids on Nukol™

Separation of Propionic acid; Acetic acid; Heptanoic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid; Isovaleric acid

GC Analysis of C2-C22 Free Fatty Acids on Nukol™

Separation of Methyl oleate; Caprylic acid; Heptanoic acid; Methyl decanoate; Methyl dodecanoate; Myristic acid; Methyl palmitate; Methyl palmitoleate; Methyl stearate; Methyl linoleate; Methyl linolenate; Acetic acid; Arachidic acid; Behenic acid; Propionic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isovaleric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid

Probiotics and Human Health

Today, diverse studies report the benefits of probiotics, such as inhibitory effects on pathogens, aid in the management or prevention of chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases or atopic syndromes, and support to the immune system. Potential beneficial applications abound, researchers continue to evaluate the effictiveness and clarify the mechanisms of action of probiotics.


GC Analysis of Free Fatty Acids in Parmesan Cheese using Nukol™ after SPME using 65 μm Carbowax/DVB Fiber

In this study, SPME was used for the analysis of free fatty acids in Parmesan cheese using a 65 μm Carbowax/divinylbenzene (DVB) SPME fiber. Headspace extraction of the cheese sample was conducted at 65 °C for 15 minutes and analyzed by GC with FID detection. SPME is ideal for analyzing the volatiles associated with solid food samples. The phase chemistry of the Nukol GC column provides excellent peak shape of acidic compounds.

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