2,4(1H,3H)-Pyrimidinedione, 2,4-Pyrimidinediol, 2,4-Dihydroxypyrimidine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
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>300 °C (lit.)

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Sandra M Carvalho et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e58492-e58492 (2013-03-19)
Links between carbohydrate metabolism and virulence in Streptococcus pneumoniae have been recurrently established. To investigate these links further we developed a chemically defined medium (CDM) and standardized growth conditions that allowed for high growth yields of the related pneumococcal strains...
Daisuke Katagiri et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 24(12), 2034-2043 (2013-10-05)
Accumulating evidence of the beyond-glucose lowering effects of a gut-released hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), has been reported in the context of remote organ connections of the cardiovascular system. Specifically, GLP-1 appears to prevent apoptosis, and inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4)...
Jaunius Urbonavicius et al.
Methods in enzymology, 425, 103-119 (2007-08-04)
Formation of 5-methyluridine (ribothymidine) at position 54 of the T-psi loop of tRNA is catalyzed by site-specific tRNA methyltransferases (tRNA[uracil-54,C5]-MTases). In eukaryotes and many bacteria, the methyl donor for this reaction is generally S-adenosyl-L-methionine (S-AdoMet). However, in other bacteria, like...
Torkild Visnes et al.
Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 364(1517), 563-568 (2008-11-15)
Uracil in DNA may result from incorporation of dUMP during replication and from spontaneous or enzymatic deamination of cytosine, resulting in U:A pairs or U:G mismatches, respectively. Uracil generated by activation-induced cytosine deaminase (AID) in B cells is a normal...
Bodil Kavli et al.
DNA repair, 6(4), 505-516 (2006-11-23)
Deamination of cytosine in DNA results in mutagenic U:G mispairs, whereas incorporation of dUMP leads to U:A pairs that may be genotoxic directly or indirectly. In both cases, uracil is mainly removed by a uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) that initiates the...

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