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155098

Sigma-Aldrich

Valeronitrile

99.5%

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Synonym(s):
Butyl cyanide, Pentanenitrile
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
83.13
Beilstein:
1736706
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39031547
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Assay

99.5%

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.397 (lit.)

bp

139-141 °C (lit.)

mp

−96 °C (lit.)

density

0.795 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCC#N

InChI

1S/C5H9N/c1-2-3-4-5-6/h2-4H2,1H3

Inchi Key

RFFFKMOABOFIDF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
819008.08514T72001
Valeronitrile 99.5%

Sigma-Aldrich

155098

Valeronitrile

Propionitrile purum, ≥99.0% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

81900

Propionitrile

Pentanonitrile for synthesis

Sigma-Aldrich

8.08514

Pentanonitrile

Trimethylacetonitrile 98%

Sigma-Aldrich

T72001

Trimethylacetonitrile

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

-

refractive index

n20/D 1.397 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.366 (lit.)

refractive index

-

refractive index

n20/D 1.377 (lit.)

bp

139-141 °C (lit.)

bp

97 °C (lit.)

bp

141 °C/1013 mbar

bp

105-106 °C (lit.)

mp

−96 °C (lit.)

mp

−93 °C (lit.)

mp

-96 °C

mp

15-16 °C (lit.)

density

0.795 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.772 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.799 g/cm3 at 20 °C

density

0.752 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Application

Valeronitrile was used in the preparation of valeric acid. It was also used to enhance the nitrilase activity in many strains.

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Flam. Liq. 3

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

100.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

38 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Ondrej Kaplan et al.
Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 33(11), 891-896 (2006-08-16)
2-Cyanopyridine proved to act as a powerful nitrilase inducer in Aspergillus niger K10, Fusarium solani O1, Fusarium oxysporum CCF 1414, Fusarium oxysporum CCF 483 and Penicillium multicolor CCF 2244. Valeronitrile also enhanced the nitrilase activity in most of the strains.
Sofie Snipstad et al.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 43(11), 2651-2669 (2017-08-07)
Compared with conventional chemotherapy, encapsulation of drugs in nanoparticles can improve efficacy and reduce toxicity. However, delivery of nanoparticles is often insufficient and heterogeneous because of various biological barriers and uneven tumor perfusion. We investigated a unique multifunctional drug delivery
Cheolho Kim et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 14400-14400 (2017-11-02)
Porous carbon spheres (CSs) have distinct advantages in energy storage and conversion applications. We report the preparation of highly monodisperse N-doped microporous CSs through the carbonization of polystyrene-based polymer spheres and subsequent activation. The N-doped microporous CSs have a remarkably
Nils Mohmeyer et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 11(3), 863-872 (2004-12-14)
A new powerful class of low-molecular-weight amphiphilic compounds has been synthesized and their structure-property relationships with respect to their gelation ability of organic solvents have been investigated. These compounds are able to gel organic solvents over a broad range of
M A Wallig et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 26(2), 149-157 (1988-02-01)
Toxic but sublethal oral doses of 125 mg/kg (1.1 mmol/kg) of the cruciferous nitrile, 1-cyano-3,4-epithiobutane (CEB), or 175 mg/kg (2.1 mmol/kg) of its synthetic saturated analogue, n-valeronitrile (VN), were given by gavage to male CDF (F-344/CrlBr) rats once daily for

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