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185744

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Chloroethanol

99%

Synonym(s):
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Linear Formula:
ClCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
80.51
Beilstein:
878139
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

vapor density

2.78 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

99%

autoignition temp.

797 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.441 (lit.)

bp

129 °C (lit.)

mp

−89 °C (lit.)

solubility

alcohol: miscible
water: miscible

density

1.201 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

OCCCl

InChI

1S/C2H5ClO/c3-1-2-4/h4H,1-2H2

InChI key

SZIFAVKTNFCBPC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Photodissociation of 2-chloroethanol in a molecular beam at 193nm has been investigated. 2-Chloroethanol is widely used as industrial solvent.

Application

2-Chloroethanol was used in the synthesis of the polyethylene terepthalate model substrate, bis(benzoyloxyethyl)terephthalate.

Packaging

50, 250 g in glass bottle
1 kg in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Dermal - Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Met. Corr. 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

131.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

55 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Brenna R Kaelin et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 399, 115068-115068 (2020-05-24)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as vinyl chloride (VC), can be directly toxic at high concentrations. However, we have shown that 'nontoxic' exposures to VC and its metabolite chloroethanol (CE) enhances experimental non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), suggesting an unpredicted...
Photodissociation of 2-bromoethanol and 2-chloroethanol at 193 nm.
Hintsa EJ, et al.
J. Chem. Phys., 92(4), 2280-2286 (1990)
New enzymes with potential for PET surface modification.
Fischer-Colbrie G, et al.
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 22(5-6), 341-346 (2004)
Bacterial degradation of 2-chloroethanol proceeds via 2-chloroacetic acid.
Stucki G and Leisinger T.
FEMS Microbiology Letters, 16(1), 123-126 (1983)
Apryl Bronley-DeLancey et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 114(8), 1237-1242 (2006-08-03)
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a suspected human carcinogen and a common groundwater contaminant. Chloral hydrate (CH) is the major metabolite of TCE formed in the liver by cytochrome P450 2E1. CH is metabolized to the hepatocarcinogen trichloroacetate (TCA) by aldehyde dehydrogenase...

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