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198323

Sigma-Aldrich

Cesium fluoride

99%

Synonym(s):
NSC 84270
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CsF
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
151.90
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

assay

99%

form

liquid

mp

682 °C (lit.)

density

4.115 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[F-].[Cs+]

InChI

1S/Cs.FH/h;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

XJHCXCQVJFPJIK-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Cesium fluoride is an inorganic compound known to be a source of fluoride ion and a catalyst in organic synthesis. It has been used in many organic reactions like 1,4−elimination, desilylation, transesterification, acylation, nucleophilic aromatic substitution, etherification, cross−coupling reactions and so on.

Application

Cesium fluoride can be used as:
  • A base in the Suzuki cross-coupling synthesis of ortho-substituted biaryls.
  • A reagent for the nucleophilic fluorination of primary halides and sulfonates in protic media such as tert-butyl and tert-pentyl alcohols.

Reactant for:
  • Preparation of building blocks for synthesis of fluoroallylic compounds
  • Synthesis of alcohols via hydrolysis of alkyl silyl ethers at neutral pH in buffered mixed organic-aqueous solutions
  • Nucleophilic fluorination of alkynyliodonium salts to form fluorovinylic compounds
  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNAr) reactions
Used in the successful synthesis of a single-crystal Dion-Jacobson phase, CsLaTa2O7, that has applications in photocatalysis and superconductivity.

Packaging

25, 100 g in poly bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - STOT RE 2

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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