MilliporeSigma
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208930

Sigma-Aldrich

Tin(IV) chloride

98%

Synonym(s):
Stannic chloride fuming
Linear Formula:
SnCl4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
260.52
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

9 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 10 °C)
18.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)
20 mmHg ( 22 °C)

assay

98%

form

liquid

reaction suitability

core: tin
reagent type: Lewis acid
reagent type: catalyst

bp

114 °C (lit.)

mp

−33 °C (lit.)

density

2.226 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[Sn](Cl)(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/4ClH.Sn/h4*1H;/q;;;;+4/p-4

InChI key

HPGGPRDJHPYFRM-UHFFFAOYSA-J

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General description

Stannic chloride (SnCl4) is a strong Lewis acid widely used as a promoter or catalyst in organic synthesis. It is soluble in most organic solvents.

Application

Stannic chloride can be used to catalyze:
  • Cyclization of trans β-monocyclohomofarnesic acid to form norambreinolide.
  • Formation of C-glycosides of aromatic compounds such as thiophene, naphthalene and phloroglucinol trimethyl ether.
  • Formal [4+2] cycloaddition of 3-ethoxycyclobutanones and allyltrialkylsilanes to form 3-ethoxy-5-[(trialkylsilyl)methyl]cyclohexan-1-ones.
  • Diastereoselective reaction of δ-alkoxyallylstannanes with aldehydes to form 1,5-diol derivatives.


Other applications of SnCl4:
  • The SnCl4-2,6-dialkoxyphenols complexes can catalyze cyclization of poylenes, such as 4-(homogeranyl)toluene to form trans-fused tricyclic compound.
  • SnCl4 can act as a promoter during the reaction of ortho-aminobenzonitriles with β-ketoesters and β-enaminonitriles to form 4-aminoquinolines and 4-aminopyridines, respectively.
  • SnCl4-silver perchlorate forms an effective catalytic system for the stereoselective of glycosylation 1-O-acetyl glucose.

Packaging

250 g in Sure/Seal™
2 kg in Sure/Seal™

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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