213292

Sigma-Aldrich

Sulfur

99.998% trace metals basis

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.07
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

vapor density

8.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 183.8 °C)
10 mmHg ( 246 °C)

assay

99.998% trace metals basis

form

powder or flakes

autoignition temp.

450 °F

resistivity

2E23 μΩ-cm, 20°C

bp

444.7 °C (lit.)

mp

112.8 °C (rhombic) (lit.)
117-120 °C (lit.)
119.0 °C (monoclinic) (lit.)

density

2.07 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

[S]

InChI

1S/S

InChI key

NINIDFKCEFEMDL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Elemental sulfur exists in thirty different solid allotropes of which orthorhombic sulfur is the only thermodynamically stable form under normal temperature and pressure. It dissolves in a number of organic solvents and forms a large number of oxyacids. Sulfur is generally highly reactive; the S8 ring of elemental sulfur is easily broken by a number of nucleophilic reactants. The hydroxyl ions react with S at about 100oC.

Application

It finds applications in Li-S polymer batteries and as semiconductor-sensitizer layer CdS/CdSe/ZnS for solar cells.

Packaging

10, 50, 250 g in poly bottle

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN1350 - class 4.1 - PG 3 - DOT - Class 9 - Sulfur

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Effects of Nanosized Adsorbing Material on Electrochemical Properties of Sulfur Cathodes for LiOS Secondary Batteries
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 151(6), A791-A795 (2004)
Preparation and electrochemical properties of lithium-sulfur polymer batteries
Journal of Power Sources, 109(1), 89-97 (2002)
Multilayered semiconductor (CdS/CdSe/ZnS)-sensitized TiO2 mesoporous solar cells: all prepared by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction processes.
Chemistry of Materials, 22(19), 5636-5643 (2010)
Lingli Huang et al.
Science advances, 6(47) (2020-11-20)
Low-dimensional materials usually exhibit mechanical properties from those of their bulk counterparts. Here, we show in two-dimensional (2D) rhenium disulfide (ReS2) that the fracture processes are dominated by a variety of previously unidentified phenomena, which are not present in bulk...
Farhad Forouhar et al.
Nature chemical biology, 9(5), 333-338 (2013-04-02)
How living organisms create carbon-sulfur bonds during the biosynthesis of critical sulfur-containing compounds is still poorly understood. The methylthiotransferases MiaB and RimO catalyze sulfur insertion into tRNAs and ribosomal protein S12, respectively. Both belong to a subgroup of radical-S-adenosylmethionine (radical-SAM)...
Articles
From Form to Function: Molding Porous Materials in Three Dimensions by Colloidal Crystal Templating
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Solvothermal synthesis is a method for preparing a variety of materials such as metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and polymers.
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Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence efficiencies and rich energy level structure that allows for great flexibility in the upconversion and downconversion of photons in a wide spectral region (NIR-VIS-UV).
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