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219126

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Butyrolactone

98%

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Synonym(s):
beta-Butyrolactone, β-Methyl-β-propiolactone, 3-Hydroxybutyric acid β-lactone, 4-Methyl-2-oxetanone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C4H6O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.09
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

assay

98%

refractive index

n20/D 1.411 (lit.)

bp

71-73 °C/29 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−43.5 °C (lit.)

density

1.056 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC1CC(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C4H6O2/c1-3-2-4(5)6-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

GSCLMSFRWBPUSK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
B103608P564855201
β-Butyrolactone 98%

219126

β-Butyrolactone

γ-Butyrolactone ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

B103608

γ-Butyrolactone

β-Propiolactone Grade II, ≥90%

P5648

β-Propiolactone

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

100

mp

−43.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

mp

−33 °C (lit.)

mp

74-78 °C (lit.)

density

1.056 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.12 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

1.146 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

-

refractive index

n20/D 1.411 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.436 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.412 (lit.)

refractive index

-

bp

71-73 °C/29 mmHg (lit.)

bp

204-205 °C (lit.)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

bp

-

General description

β-Butyrolactone undergoes ring opening polymerization in the presence of ethoxy-bridged dinuclear indium catalyst to yield biodegradable polyester poly(hydroxybutyrate). Polymerization of racemic β-butyrolactone in the presence of chiral initiators has been reported. It is versatile building block for organic synthesis.

Application

β-Butyrolactone was used in the preparation of (3-O-[oligo-(3-hydroxybutyrate ester)] fluorescein, fluorescein derivative of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) via anionic polymerization.

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

140.0 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

60 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Sigma-Aldrich

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Z Jedliński et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 25(1-3), 247-253 (1999-07-23)
Novel feasibility of fuctionalized poly(3-hydroxybutanoic acid), PHB, and its copolymers synthesis via ring-opening of beta-butyrolactone (ROP) mediated by activated anionic initiators or enzymes in vitro is presented. Using these new synthetic approaches, PHB with defined chemical structure of the end
Lee R Rieth et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124(51), 15239-15248 (2002-12-19)
Polymerization of beta-butyrolactone (BBL) and beta-valerolactone (BVL) using the zinc alkoxide initiator (BDI-1)ZnO(i)()Pr [(BDI-1) = 2-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl)amido)-4-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino)-2-pentene] proceeds very rapidly under mild conditions to produce poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHV), respectively. For the monomer-to-initiator ratio 200:1, PHB number-average molecular weights (M(n))
Stereoelective Polymerization of β-butyrolactone.
Le Borgne A and Spassky A.
Polymer, 30(12), 2312-2319 (1989)
K Hemminki
Chemico-biological interactions, 34(3), 323-331 (1981-03-15)
Reactivity of beta-propiolactone, beta-butyrolactone and gamma-butyrolactone with guanosine, RNA, DNA and 4-(p-nitrobenzyl)pyridine was studied. beta-Propiolactone was 50--100 times more reactive with all the nucleophiles than beta-butyrolactone whereas gamma-butyrolactone was completely inactive. The rate of alkylation by the lactones was guanosine
J T Lee et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 66(16), 5424-5426 (2001-08-04)
The PPNCo(CO)(4) and BF(3) x Et(2)O catalyzed carbonylation of simple and functionalized epoxides in DME gives the corresponding beta-lactones regioselectively in good to high yields. The carbonylation occurred selectively at the unsubstituted C-O bond of the epoxide ring, and this

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