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221015

Sigma-Aldrich

Oxalyl chloride

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
Ethanedioyl dichloride
Linear Formula:
ClCOCOCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
126.93
Beilstein:
1361988
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

4.4 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

150 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

impurities

<10 ppb Heavy metals

color

APHA: 0-150

refractive index

n20/D 1.429 (lit.)

bp

62-65 °C (lit.)

mp

−10-−8 °C (lit.)

density

1.5 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

ClC(=O)C(Cl)=O

InChI

1S/C2Cl2O2/c3-1(5)2(4)6

InChI key

CTSLXHKWHWQRSH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Oxalyl chloride is a commonly used chlorinating reagent that can be prepared by the reaction of oxalic acid and phosphorus pentachloride.

Application

Oxalyl chloride may be used in the following processes:
  • Preparation of Mosher′s acid chloride by reacting with Mosher′s acid in the presence of DMF.
  • Activation of dimethyl sulfoxide for use in the oxidation of long-chain alcohols to carbonyls.
  • Activation of α-keto carboxylic acids and N-heterocyclic carboxylic acids for alkynylation to form ynediones and N-heterocyclic ynones, respectively.
Suitable for the synthesis of acid chlorides used to produce liquid crystals.
Reactant involved in:
  • Synthesis of N-heterocyclic ynones and ynediones, used to activate carboxylic acids
  • Chlorination and halogenation
  • Three-component [3+2] cycloadditions
  • Reactions with organostannanes
  • Synthesis of cyclopentenones
  • Carbonylations, used as a carbonyl synthon

Packaging

5, 25, 100 g in ampule
10 kg in Nowpak™

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - Water-react 1

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

4.3 - Hazardous materials, which set free flammable gases upon contact with water

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

51.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

11.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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