All Photos(1)



Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate


Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chloride hexahydrate, Ru(BPY)3, Ruthenium-tris(2,2′-bipyridyl) dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C30H24Cl2N6Ru · 6H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:



Quality Level

reaction suitability

core: ruthenium
reaction type: Photocatalysis
reagent type: catalyst


>300 °C (lit.)

photocatalyst activation

450 nm

SMILES string




InChI key


Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Tris(2,2′-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate is a metal complex and is used as an luminescent dye. The metal complex in its ground state can be excited by visible light which leads to the formation of a spin-allowed excited state. This excited state undergoes radiationless deactivation very quickly to form spin-forbidden, long-lived luminescent excited state. It is used widely in electroluminescent devices.


Learn More at the Professor and Product Portal of Professor Teshik Yoon and Professor Corey Stephenson.
  • Used in the synthesis of hybrid catalysts which are used in oxidase based biosensors.
  • Used as a luminophore for multiplexed signalling in bio analysis.
  • Used in oxygen assesment in living cells.


250 mg in glass insert
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A Theoretical and Experimental Framework for Understanding Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL) Emission at Bipolar Electrodes
Mavre F, et al
Analytical Chemistry, 81, 6218-6225 (2009)
Attapulgite Clay Combined with Tris(2,2'bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) for the Enhancement of the
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Sensing
Gu B. et al
International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 7, 6202-6213 (2012)
Novel organic-inorganic hybrid material based on tris (2, 2'-bipyridyl) dichlororuthenium (II) hexahydrate and Dawson-type tungstophosphate K 7[H4PW18O62]? 18H2O as a bifuctional hydrogen peroxide electrocatalyst for biosensors
Ammam, M., & Easton, E. B.
Sensors and Actuators B, Chemical, 161(1), 520-527 (2012)
Old Molecules, New Concepts:[Ru (bpy) 3] 2+ as a Molecular Encoder-Decoder
Ceroni, P., Bergamini, G., & Balzani, V.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 121(45), 8668-8670 (2009)
Lin Wang et al.
Nano letters, 5(1), 37-43 (2005-03-29)
We have synthesized dual-luminophore-doped silica nanoparticles for multiplexed signaling in bioanalysis. Two luminophores, Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)osmium(II)bis(hexafluorophosphate) (OsBpy) and Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)dichlororuthenium(II)hexahydrate (RuBpy), were simultaneously entrapped inside silica nanoparticles at precisely controlled ratios, with desirable sizes and required surface functionality. Single-wavelength excitation with dual emission...

Related Content

Stephenson Group – Professor Product Portal

Research in the Stephenson lab focuses upon the development of new chemical methods which enable the activation of chemical bonds under mild reaction conditions.

Yoon Group – Professor Product Portal

One major theme of research in the Yoon lab is the development of unique chemical transformations enabled by visible light photochemistry. A variety of transition metal photocatalysts responsive to visible light are known, and the Yoon lab has shown that their well understood photochemistry can be coupled to cycloadditions, arene oxidations, amine functionalizations, and thiol-ene reactions, among others.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service