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236357

Sigma-Aldrich

3-Hydroxypropionitrile

ReagentPlus®, 99%

Synonym(s):
2-Cyanoethanol, Ethylene cyanohydrin, Hydracrylonitrile
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH2CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
71.08
Beilstein:
635773
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

<0.1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

922 °F

expl. lim.

12.1 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.425 (lit.)

bp

228 °C (lit.)

mp

−46 °C (lit.)

solubility

diethyl ether: slightly soluble 2.3 % (w/w) at 15 °C(lit.)
acetone: miscible(lit.)
benzene: insoluble(lit.)
carbon disulfide: insoluble(lit.)
carbon tetrachloride: insoluble(lit.)
ethanol: miscible(lit.)
petroleum ether: insoluble(lit.)
water: miscible(lit.)

density

1.04 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

OCCC#N

InChI

1S/C3H5NO/c4-2-1-3-5/h5H,1,3H2

InChI key

WSGYTJNNHPZFKR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

3-Hydroxypropionitrile has been used:
  • as polar solvent to investigate the orientation of the phospholipid at the surface of the polar solvents by neutral impact collision ion scattering spectroscopy[1]
  • in solid state composite electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cells[2]
  • as a reagent for carboxyl protection in peptide synthesis[3]

Packaging

50 g in glass bottle

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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