Beeswax is a natural wax that is formed from honeybee Apis mellifera. It is a lipid that contains hydrocarbons, esters and free acids, which can be used to lower the transference of water on films.
Beeswax is used to produce edible films (sodium caseinate, soy protein isolate, etc.). It can form a mixture with a variety of fatty acids and polyols to provide flexibile, elastic and stretchable films. It also decreases the water vapor permeability and enhances the mechanical properties of the film.
Estrogen deficiency after ovariectomy (OVX) results in increased adiposity and bone loss, which can be prevented by systemic 17-β estradiol (E2) replacement. Studies in transgenic mice suggested that in addition to direct actions of estrogen in peripheral tissues, also estrogen
Tensile properties and water vapor permeability of sodium caseinate films containing oleic acid-beeswax mixtures
Fabra MJ, et al.
Journal of Food Engineering, 85(3), 393-400 (2008)
Effect of oleic acid-beeswax mixtures on mechanical, optical and water barrier properties of soy protein isolate based films
Monedero FM, et al.
Journal of Food Engineering, 91(4), 509-515 (2009)
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