252522

Sigma-Aldrich

Crotononitrile, mixture of cis and trans

99%

Synonym(s):
2-Butenenitrile, mixture of cis and trans
Linear Formula:
CH3CH=CHCN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
67.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1719747
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.419 (lit.)

bp

120-121 °C (lit.)

density

0.824 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

C\C=C\C#N

InChI

1S/C4H5N/c1-2-3-4-5/h2-3H,1H3/b3-2+

InChI key

NKKMVIVFRUYPLQ-NSCUHMNNSA-N

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General description

Neurotoxic properties of crotononitrile have been investigated. Mechanism of the Baylis-Hillman reaction of crotononitrile and benzaldehyde in the presence of 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane (catalyst) has been investigated.

Packaging

5, 100, 500 mL in glass bottle

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 1993BE 3 / PGII

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

60.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

16 °C - closed cup

Eduardo Balbuena et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 187(2), 89-100 (2003-03-22)
The neurotoxic compound crotononitrile has two isomeric forms, cis and trans. We compared the effects of these two isomers isolated by distillation from the commercially available mixture. Adult male Long-Evans rats were administered vehicle control, cis-crotononitrile (80, 100, and 120...
Pere Boadas-Vaello et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 225(3), 310-317 (2007-09-20)
Several alkylnitriles are toxic to sensory systems, including the vestibular system, through yet undefined mechanisms. This study addressed the hypothesis that the vestibular toxicity of cis-crotononitrile depends on CYP2E1-mediated bioactivation. Wild-type (129S1) and CYP2E1-null female mice were exposed to cis-crotononitrile...
Effect of solvent, pressure and catalyst on the E/Z-selectivity in the Baylis-Hillman reaction between crotononitrile and benzaldehyde.
van Rozendaal ELM, et al.
Tetrahedron, 49(31), 6931-6936 (1993)
H Tanii et al.
Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene, 54(2), 459-466 (1999-09-10)
Nitriles are widely used in industry as plastics, solvents, and synthetic intermediates. It has been shown that the thermal degradation of acrylonitrile-based plastics leads to the emission of a great variety of nitriles. Exposure of humans and experimental animals to...
J Llorens et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 123(2), 199-210 (1993-12-01)
Animals exposed to 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) or to several similar nitriles develop a permanent syndrome of behavioral abnormalities. The present work addressed the hypothesis that this syndrome is caused by a toxic effect of these nitriles on the peripheral vestibular system....

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