technical grade

4,5-Dihydroxyanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid, Rhubarb yellow, Cassic acid, Chrysazin 3-carboxylic acid, 9,10-Dihydro-4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxo-2-anthracenecarboxylic acid, Monorhein, Rheic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:


technical grade

Quality Level


≥300 °C (lit.)

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InChI key


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General description

The pharmakokinetics of Rhein was studied.


Rhein was used to induce necrosis-apoptosis switch in injured pancreatic acinar cells.


50, 250 mg in glass bottle


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Hazard Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Xianlin Zhao et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2014, 404853-404853 (2014-06-25)
Objectives. The Chinese herbal medicine Da-Cheng-Qi decoction can regulate a necrosis-apoptosis switch in injured pancreatic acinar cells. This study investigated the effects of rhein, a component of this medicine, on a necrosis-apoptosis switch in pancreatic rat AR42J cells. Methods. Cerulein-treated...
Yun-Liang Yan et al.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 39(3), 520-525 (2014-06-21)
This study aim to reveal the total pharmacokinetics of rhein and chrysophanol after oral administration of Quyu Qingre granules (QUQRG) in normal and acute blood stasis rabbits, to identify the pharmacokinetics differences between two groups of rabbits and to evaluate...
Tamihiro Kamata et al.
Cell reports, 31(12), 107802-107802 (2020-06-25)
The tumor microenvironment (TME) consists of different cell types, including tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs). How these cells interact and contribute to lung carcinogenesis remains elusive. Using G12DKRAS- and V600EBRAF-driven mouse lung models, we identify the pleiotropic glycoprotein...
Baoen Chen et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(43), 17963-17971 (2012-10-11)
The direct nucleic acid repair dioxygenase FTO is an enzyme that demethylates N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) residues in mRNA in vitro and inside cells. FTO is the first RNA demethylase discovered that also serves a major regulatory function in mammals. Together with...
John C Thomas et al.
ACS nano, 9(5), 4734-4742 (2015-04-14)
Carboranethiol molecules self-assemble into upright molecular monolayers on Au{111} with aligned dipoles in two dimensions. The positions and offsets of each molecule's geometric apex and local dipole moment are measured and correlated with sub-Ångström precision. Juxtaposing simultaneously acquired images, we...

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