27734

Sigma-Aldrich

Palmitic acid

≥98% palmitic acid basis (GC)

Synonym(s):
NSC 5030, Cetylic acid, 1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acid, Hexadecanoic acid, PamOH, C16:0
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)14COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
256.42
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
607489
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 210 °C)

Quality Level

assay

≥98% palmitic acid basis (GC)

form

flakes
powder or crystals

application(s)

gas chromatography (GC): suitable
thin layer chromatography (TLC): suitable

impurities

≤1% stearic acid (GC)

bp

271.5 °C/100 mmHg (lit.)

mp

61-62.5 °C (lit.)
62-65 °C

acid value

≤240

iodine value

≤0.5

saponification value

≤240

density

0.852 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)

InChI key

IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... FABP2(2169), FABP3(2170), FABP4(2167), FABP5(2171)

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Application

Palmitic acid may be employed in the preparation of palmitic anhydride, via reaction with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) in carbon tetrachloride. It undergoes deoxygenation in the presence of 4%wt Pd/C mesoporous catalyst at 300°C and pressure of 17bar of 5% H2 in argon. Aliphatic chain length hydrocarbons containing one less carbon than the corresponding acid were obtained as major products.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

nwg

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

113 °C

Catalytic deoxygenation of stearic acid and palmitic acid in semibatch mode.
Lestari S, et al.
Catalysis Letters, 130(1-2), 48-51 (2009)
Z Selinger et al.
Journal of lipid research, 7(1), 174-175 (1966-01-01)
A simple method is described for the preparation of caprylic, palmitic, stearic, and oleic anhydrides. Reaction of the free fatty acid and dicyclohexylcarbodiimide in carbon tetrachloride at room temperature gives the corresponding anhydrides in high yield (87-94%).
Sanja Blaskovic et al.
The FEBS journal, 280(12), 2766-2774 (2013-04-05)
S-palmitoylation is post-translational modification, which consists in the addition of a C16 acyl chain to cytosolic cysteines and which is unique amongst lipid modifications in that it is reversible. It can thus, like phosphorylation or ubiquitination, act as a switch....
Sabeera Bonala et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 27(9), 1518-1535 (2013-08-10)
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance and abnormal peripheral tissue glucose uptake. However, the mechanisms that interfere with insulin signaling and glucose uptake in human skeletal muscle during obesity are not fully characterized. Using microarray, we have identified that the...
Julie K Bassett et al.
International journal of cancer, 133(8), 1882-1891 (2013-04-12)
Animal and experimental studies have demonstrated that long-chain n-3 fatty acids inhibit the development of prostate cancer, whereas n-6 fatty acids might promote it. We performed a case-cohort analysis within the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study using a random sample of...

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