295302

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethane

≥99%

Linear Formula:
CH3CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
30.07
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1730716
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

vapor density

1.05 (vs air)

vapor pressure

37.95 atm ( 21.1 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

gas

autoignition temp.

881 °F

expl. lim.

13 %

bp

−88 °C (lit.)

mp

−172 °C (lit.)

density

0.362 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC

InChI

1S/C2H6/c1-2/h1-2H3

InChI key

OTMSDBZUPAUEDD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Ethane, an aliphatic hydrocarbon, is a major constituent of natural and shale gas. It is a major feedstock for the preparation of ethylene and other value-added chemicals like aromatic hydrocarbons.

Application

Ethane can be used to prepare:
  • Ethylene via oxidative dehydrogenation reaction using different catalytic systems.
  • Ethanol via oxidation reaction, which is catalyzed by cytochrome P450 BM3.
  • Carbon nanofibers via decomposition method using nickel catalyst supported by a carbon nanotube.

Packaging

110 g in steel cylinder

Recommended products

Z146706 CGA 180 Regulator OR Z146943 CGA 110 Valve, with Z147095 CGA 110 to CGA 180 adapter, and Z146986 washer for valve.

Pictograms

FlameGas cylinder

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Hazard Codes

F+

Risk Statement

12

Safety Statement

9-16-33

RIDADR

UN1035 - class 2 - Ethane

WGK Germany

nwg

Flash Point(F)

-211.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-135 °C - closed cup

Selective oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane on MoVTeNbO mixed metal oxide catalysts
Botella P, et al.
J. Catal., 225(2), 428-438 (2004)
Large scale synthesis of carbon nanofibers by catalytic decomposition of ethane on nickel nanoclusters decorating carbon nanotubes
Pham-Huu C, et al.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 4(3), 514-521 (2002)
Progress and prospects in catalytic ethane aromatization
Xiang Y, et al.
Catalysis Science & Technology, 8(6), 1500-1516 (2018)
Catalytic Direct Conversion of Ethane to Value-added Chemicals Under Microwave Irradiation
Robinson B, et al.
Catalysis Today (2020)
Direct conversion of ethane to ethanol by engineered cytochrome P450 BM3
Meinhold P, et al.
Chembiochem, 6(10), 1765-1768 (2005)
Articles
Separation of Methane; Acetylene; Carbon monoxide; Water; Nitrogen; Carbon dioxide; Ethane; Ethylene
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Protocols
Separation of Oxygen; Acetylene; Carbon dioxide; Nitrogen; Ethylene; Ethane; Carbon monoxide; Methane
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Separation of Hydrogen; Oxygen; Nitrogen; Carbon monoxide; Methane; Carbon dioxide; Acetylene; Ethylene; Ethane
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Protocol for GC Analysis of C1-C5 Hydrocarbons on Alumina Sulfate PLOT
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