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311421

Sigma-Aldrich

Perchloric acid

70%, 99.999% trace metals basis

Synonym(s):
PCA
Linear Formula:
HClO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.46
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

vapor pressure

6.8 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

70%
99.999% trace metals basis

form

liquid

reaction suitability

reagent type: oxidant

density

1.664 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

OCl(=O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/ClHO4/c2-1(3,4)5/h(H,2,3,4,5)

InChI key

VLTRZXGMWDSKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Perchloric acid can be used as:      
  •   A reaction medium in oxidation reactions.       
  • A reagent for the preparation of fluorinated polymer electrolytes using poly (vinylidenefluoride-cohexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) for fuel cell applications.        
  • A dopant in the preparation of perchloric acid-functionalized polyaniline (HClO4/PANI) catalyst for the synthesis of 2-substituted benzothiazoles by condensation reaction between o-aminothiophenol with aldehydes.

Perchloric acid (HClO4) can be used in the preparation of:
  • Silica supported perchloric acid (HClO4-SiO2) which is used as a catalyst in geminal diacylation of aldehydes, synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthols, primary carbamates, and tetrasubstituted imidazoles.
  • Alumina supported perchloric acid (Al2O3-HClO4), which is used as a catalyst in the synthesis of α-(α-amidobenzyl)-β-naphthols.
  • Fe3O4@SiO2-HClO4 catalyst, which is used in the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives.

Packaging

1 L in glass bottle
50, 250 mL in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Ox. Liq. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A - STOT RE 2

Target Organs

Thyroid

Storage Class Code

5.1A - Strongly oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Vander Voort GF, et al.
Metallography, Principles and Practice By George F. Vander Voort null
Preparation of 1, 4-dihydropyridine derivatives using perchloric acid adsorbed on magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with silica
Shafiee M, et al.
Current Nanoscience , 9(2), 197-201 (2013)
Silica supported perchloric acid (HClO4-SiO2): A highly efficient and reusable catalyst for geminal diacylation of aldehydes under solvent-free conditions
Khan AT, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 255(1-2), 230-235 (2006)
Preparation and Application of Perchloric Acid Supported on Alumina (Al2O3-HClO4) to the Synthesis of α-(α-Amidobenzyl)-β-naphthols
Shaterian H, et al.
Chin. J. Chem., 27(4), 815-820 (2009)
Kinetics of oxidation of pantothenic acid by chloramine-T in perchloric acid and in alkaline medium catalyzed by OsO4: A mechanistic approach
Jagadeesh RV
International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 37(4), 201-210 (2005)

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