320137

Sigma-Aldrich

Acrylonitrile

≥99%, contains 35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone as inhibitor

Synonym(s):
Vinyl cyanide
Linear Formula:
CH2=CHCN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
53.06
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
605310
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

vapor density

1.83 (vs air)

vapor pressure

86 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

autoignition temp.

897 °F

contains

35-45 ppm monomethyl ether hydroquinone as inhibitor

expl. lim.

17 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.391 (lit.)

bp

77 °C (lit.)

mp

−83 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

C=CC#N

InChI

1S/C3H3N/c1-2-3-4/h2H,1H2

InChI key

NLHHRLWOUZZQLW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

Application

Acrylonitrile is used in the manufacture of acrylic fibers, resins (acrylonitrile butadiene-styrene, styrene-acrylonitrile and others) and nitrile rubbers (butadiene-acrylonitrile).

Packaging

1 L in PVC-coated bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

An industrial carcinogen that is a multisite carcinogen in rats and possibly carcinogenic to humans.

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN1093 - class 3 - PG 1 - Acrylonitrile, stabilized

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

23.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-5 °C - closed cup

Philip Cole et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 52(3), 342-351 (2008-10-18)
Several retrospective cohort epidemiology studies evaluated a number of health outcomes in workers exposed to acrylonitrile (AN). The epidemiology studies included in this review have been published since 1970 and were identified through Ovid and MEDLINE retrieval services using search...
A Léonard et al.
Mutation research, 436(3), 263-283 (1999-06-04)
Acrylonitrile (AN) is an important intermediary for the synthesis of a variety of organic products, such as artificial fibres, household articles and resins. Although acute effects are the primary concern for an exposure to AN, potential genotoxic, carcinogenic and teratogenic...
Acrylonitrile and human cancer--an overview.
D Coggon et al.
Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 24 Suppl 2, 81-82 (1998-08-26)
J Whysner et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 27(3), 217-239 (1998-08-07)
Acrylonitrile (ACN) exposure is associated with tumors in rat brain, Zymbal gland, and mammary gland. Adducts affecting base pairing were formed in isolated DNA exposed in vitro to the ACN metabolite cyanoethylene oxide (CNEO). DNA from liver, which is not...
N A Esmen
Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 24 Suppl 2, 63-70 (1998-08-26)
The reconstruction of worker exposures has been the mainstay of modem industrial epidemiologic studies. In most cases, the researchers are faced with the difficult dilemma created by the scarcity of the exposure measurement data vis-à-vis the demands for refined quantification....
Articles
RAFT (Reversible Addition Fragmentation chain Transfer) polymerization is a reversible deactivation radical polymerization (RDRP) and one of the more versatile methods for providing living characteristics to radical polymerization.
Read More

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