Sodium dichloroacetate


Dichloroacetic acid sodium salt
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level




<2% ethyl alcohol


198 °C (dec.) (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... PDK1(5163), PDK2(5164), PDK3(5165), PDK4(5166)

Related Categories

General description

Sodium dichloroacetate is a mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) inhibitor that exhibits potent anti-leukemic activity.


Sodium dichloroacetate can be used as an organic salt precursor for synthesizing microporous carbon that is useful in developing carbon-based adsorbents.


10, 50 g in glass bottle


Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. I have heard that dichloroacetate has been used for cancer treatment.  Is Product 347795, Sodium dichloroacetate, the same chemical?

    Some research studies on the use of dichloroacetate as an anti-cancer agent have been performed.  At this time, no dichloroacetate compound or product has been approved for use as an anti-cancer drug.  The common salts of dichloroacetate are sodium and potassium, and these are what have been used in the research studies.  The Sigma-Aldrich products 347795, Sodium Dichloroacetate, and 348082, Potassium Dichloroacetate, are offered for laboratory use only, and are not manufactured or intended for human use.

  4. How can I make a solution of Product 347795, Sodium dichloroacetate?

    Sodium dichloroacetate is soluble in water at 50 mg/ml.

  5. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  6. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

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Ian F Robey et al.
BMC cancer, 11, 235-235 (2011-06-15)
The glycolytic nature of malignant tumors contributes to high levels of extracellular acidity in the tumor microenvironment. Tumor acidity is a driving force in invasion and metastases. Recently, it has been shown that buffering of extracellular acidity through systemic administration...
Mario Ammendola et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 6521-6521 (2020-04-18)
The growing interest of oncologists in natural compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids is encouraging the development of innovative and efficient carriers for the delivery of those drugs. This study examines carboxymethyl chitosan-based microcapsules created by spray drying as a...
Mito-DCA: a mitochondria targeted molecular scaffold for efficacious delivery of metabolic modulator dichloroacetate.
Pathak RK, et al.
ACS Chemical Biology, 9(5), 1178-1187 (2014)
Marie-Aline Neveu et al.
Oncotarget, 7(49), 81741-81749 (2017-01-14)
Reverting glycolytic metabolism is an attractive strategy for cancer therapy as upregulated glycolysis is a hallmark in various cancers. Dichloroacetate (DCA), long used to treat lactic acidosis in various pathologies, has emerged as a promising anti-cancer drug. By inhibiting the...
Preparing microporous carbon from solid organic salt precursors using in situ templating and a fixed-bed reactor.
Atkinson JD & Rood MJ.
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials : The Official Journal of the International Zeolite Association, 160, 174-181 (2012)
We presents an article about the Warburg effect, and how it is the enhanced conversion of glucose to lactate observed in tumor cells, even in the presence of normal levels of oxygen. Otto Heinrich Warburg demonstrated in 1924 that cancer cells show an increased dependence on glycolysis to meet their energy needs, regardless of whether they were well-oxygenated or not.
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