1,3-Dimethylbarbituric acid

≥99.0% (T)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
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Quality Level


≥99.0% (T)

ign. residue



121-123 °C (lit.)
121-123 °C


hot water: soluble 0.5 g/10 mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

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InChI key


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General description

1,3-Dimethylbarbituric acid (1,3-Dimethyl-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-pyrimidinetrione) is an active methylene compound. It undergoes hollow Pd6 water-soluble cage, [{(tmen)Pd}6(timb)4](NO3)12 (tmen= N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine, timb=1,3,5-tris(1-imidazolyl)benzene)-catalyzed Knoevenagel condensation reaction with pyrene-1-carboxaldehyde. It undergoes self-sorted Pd7 molecular boat having an internal nanocavity (catalyst)-assisted Knoevenagel condensation reaction with various aromatic aldehydes. It has been synthesized by reacting 1,3-dimethylurea, malonic acid and acetic anhydride in acetic acid. It is widely used for the synthesis of various synthetic intermediates and heterocyclic compounds.


1,3-Dimethylbarbituric acid may be used in the following studies:
  • Enantioselective synthesis of isochromene pyrimidinedione derivatives having five stereocenters, via one-pot Michael-Knoevenagel condensation-inverse-electron-demand hetero-Diels-Alder reaction.
  • Synthesis of 5-aryl-6-(alkyl- or aryl-amino)-1,3-dimethylfuro [2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives.
  • Microwave promoted indirect functionalization of alcohols, via spirocyclisation employing a sequential one-pot Ir(III)/Pd(0) catalyzed process.


50, 250 g in poly bottle


CorrosionExclamation mark

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Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
María Victoria Roux et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 115(14), 3167-3173 (2011-03-25)
This paper reports an experimental and computational thermochemical study on 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid. The value of the standard (p° = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpy of formation in the gas phase at T = 298.15 K has been determined. The energy of...
Malek Taher Maghsoodlou et al.
Molecular diversity, 15(1), 227-231 (2010-07-14)
5-Aryl-6-(alkyl- or aryl-amino)-1,3-dimethylfuro [2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives were obtained by in situ reaction alkyl or aryl isocyanides and pyridinecarbaldehyde derivatives in the presence of 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid in dichloromethane without any prior activation or modifications.
Shahram Lotfi et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 76, 153-160 (2017-05-10)
Electrochemical oxidation of trimipramine in the absence and presence of 1,3 dimethyl barbituric acid as a nucleophile in aqueous solution has been studied using cyclic voltammetry and controlled-potential coulometry electrolysis. Voltammetric studies of electro-oxidation of trimipramine were realized in a...
1, 3-Dimethylbarbituric Acid
Argintaru OA.
e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. (2011)
Christian Löfberg et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), (48)(48), 5000-5002 (2006-12-06)
Microwave assisted indirect functionalization of alcohols with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid followed by spirocyclisation employing a sequential one-pot Ir(III)/Pd(0) catalysed process, involving the formation of three new C-C bonds, one spirocyclic ring and one di- or tri-substituted exocyclic alkene, is described.
Knoevenagel Condensation is an organic reaction named after Emil Knoevenagel. It is a classic C-C bond formation reaction and a modification of the Aldol Condensation.
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