418102

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyraldehyde

purified by redistillation, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
Butanal
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2CHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
72.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506061
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

90 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

autoignition temp.

390 °F

purified by

redistillation

expl. lim.

12.5 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.380 (lit.)

bp

75 °C (lit.)

mp

−96 °C (lit.)

density

0.8 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Organoleptic

pungent

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)CCC

InChI

1S/C4H8O/c1-2-3-4-5/h4H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

ZTQSAGDEMFDKMZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Butyraldehyde may be used in the preparation of dimeric Schiff base, via reaction with aniline.

Packaging

100, 800 mL in Sure/Seal™

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN1129 - class 3 - PG 2 - Butyraldehyde

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

50.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

< 10 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

The condensation of butyraldehyde and aniline.
Kharasch MS, et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 62(3), 494-497 (1940)
Heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation of gas-phase organics for air purification: acetone, 1-butanol, butyraldehyde, formaldehyde, and m-xylene oxidation.
Peral J and Ollis DF.
J. Catal., 1136(2), 554-565 (1992)
Self-condensation of n-butyraldehyde over solid base catalysts.
Tsuji H, et al.
J. Catal., 148(2), 759-770 (1994)
Aldol addition of butyraldehyde over solid base catalysts.
Zhang G, et al.
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 62(6), 2070-2072 (1989)
Yiannis C Fiamegos et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 609(2), 175-183 (2008-02-12)
A suitable method for the gas chromatographic determination of 10 characteristic carbonyls in biological and oil samples based on the in-drop formation of hydrazones by using 2,4,6-trichlorophenylhydrazine (TCPH), has been developed. The derivatisation-extraction procedure was optimized separately for aqueous and...

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